Population of India 2022 | India Demography

Population of India 2022

India (Bharat, Hindustan) officially the Republic of India is a country in Southern Asia. India is second most populous country in the world, with more than 1 billion representing 17.7% of the world’s population. By Land area its the seventh-largest country in the world.  As per the Indian Census population projection reports, the population of India in 2021 is  1,363,006,000 (136 Crores)

Source: Indian Census population projection reports 2011-2036

India Population 2022

India has a population growth rate during 2020-2021 of 0.99%. Its estimated population in 2022 is 1.37 billion or  137 Crores* equivalent to 18.47% of the total world population. The total land area of India is 2,973,190 Sq. Km  (1,147,960 sq. mi) & population density is 458 people per sq. km ( 1198 people per sq. mi)

Population of India  in 2022 –  1.37 Billion or 137 Crores (Approx)
India2022 Population
Total Population13,75,586,000 (137 crore)
Global Rank2
Share of World Pop.17.7%
Area 2,973,190 Sq. Km  
(1,147,960 sq. mi)
Area Rank7th


Capital City

462 person/sq. km

New Delhi

Source: Census 2011 & UN population Studies estimates

India Demographics
Fertility Rate* in India2.24
Infant mortality rate** in India28.3 
Median Age In India28.4 Years
Life Expectancy in India70.42 year
Urban Population of India35%

Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects 

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Hinduism is the main religion in India. In fact, India is the largest Hindu nation in the world & 94% percent of the World’s Hindu population live in India. Islam also has large followers in India & 15% of the Population follows it. Christians, Buddism, Sikhs, Jain are other minority religions in India  per the census data, which was compiled in 2011 the breakup of India population on religion basis is as Follows

  • Hinduism: 966.3 million  – 79.8% 
  • Islam:  172.2 million – 14.2%
  • Christians: 27.8 million – 2.3%
  • Sikhs: 20.8 million – 1.7%
  • Others ( Buddhist, Jains etc.) – 2%

For more details visit Religion in India

Source: Census 2011