Varanasi City and District Population

Varanasi, also known as Banaras is a city on the banks of the river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh, India. It’s one of the oldest religious cities in India, considered to be the holy city in Hinduism and Jainism. It played an important role in the development of Buddhism and the Bhakti movement. With a population of over 1.4 million, it’s the sixth-largest city in terms of population in Uttar Pradesh.

As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Varanasi City in 2011 was 11,98,491 (11.98 Lakhs) and the estimated population of Varanasi in 2024 is 15 lakh

Population of Varanasi in 2024 - 15 lakh (approx)

Varanasi CityCensus 20112024 Estimate
Total Population1,198,49114 Lakh
Male Population635,1407.40 lakh
Female Population565,3516.60 lakh
Varanasi Demography2011 Census
Average Literacy (%)79.27%
% of Male Literates83.46
% of Female Literates74.55%
Sex Ratio887
Child Sex Ratio883
Children (0-6 years)1,35,667

Sources: Census 2011

As per Census 2011, Varanasi has a population growth rate of 8.56% during 2001-2011.  It’s expected to have a population growth rate of 9.30% during 2011-2021.

At the start of the 20th century, the Varanasi population was 2.15 lakh &  it remained constant till the 1940s.  After that, it saw good growth & reached 1.1 million in 2001. In the last two decades, growth remained under 10% & it’s estimated around 1.3 million in 2021.

Let’s look at population & percentage change from  Year 1901 to 2021.

YearPopulationActual ChangePercentage Change
2021 (estimated)  1,410,000211,509

Sources: Census 2011

Census 2011 Details

As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Varanasi City in 2011 is 11,98,491 (11.98 Lakhs) of which the male population is 6,35,140 and the female population is 5,65,351


The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that the density of Varanasi for 2011 is 14600 people per sq. km. Varanasi city administers area is 82.10 sq. km


The average literacy rate of Varanasi City in 2011 was 79.27%. If things are looked out at gender-wise, male and female literacy was 83.46% and 74.55% respectively. The total literate in Varanasi city was 8,42,497 of which 4,69,653 are males while 3,72,844 are females.


With regard to the Sex Ratio in Varanasi, it stood at 887 per 1000 males. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per the latest reports of the Census 2011 Directorate. In the 2011 census, the child sex ratio is 873 girls per 1000 boys


In census enumeration, data regarding children under 0-6 age were also collected. There were a total of 135,667 children under the age of 0-6 years. Of the total 72,442 are boys while 63,235 are girls. The child Sex Ratio as per the census 2011 was 865. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 11.32 % of the total population of Varanasi City

Varanasi District Population

Varanasi is a district in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with Varanasi city as the district headquarters. As per the census 2011, the Varanasi district population is  3,676,841 (36.76 Lakhs) and its estimated population in 2024 is 42 lakh.

Varanasi DistrictCensus 2011
Total Population3,676,841
Male Population1,921,857
Female Population1,754,984
Average Literacy (%)75.60%
Sex Ratio931
Child Sex Ratio885
Population of Varanasi 2024 | Varanasi City Population

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