Top Indian States by Population | Statewise Population 2021​

Top Indian States by Population

India’s 2020 population is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people at mid-year according to UN data. As per the Unique Identification Authority of India, India’s population is 1,371,360,350 (approx) in 2020.  So based on these estimates, India’s Population in 2021 is close to 1.4 Billion or 140 Crores

India is a federal union comprising 28 states and 8 union territories, a total of 36 numbers. Uttar Pradesh is largest state by population & Goa is least populated state in India. Let’s have a look at the population of States & Union Territories.

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Statewise Population 2021

RankStates2011 Census2021 estimates
1Uttar Pradesh19,98,12,34123 Crores
2Maharashtra11,23,74,33312.44 Crores
3Bihar10,40,99,45212.30 Crores
4West Bengal9,12,76,1159.8 Crores
5Madhya Pradesh7,26,26,8098.45 Crores
6Tamil Nadu7,21,47,0307.65 Crores
7Rajasthan6,85,48,4378 Crores
8Karnataka6,10,95,2976.70 Crores
9Gujarat6,04,39,6927 Crores
10Andhra Pradesh4,95,76,7775.27 Crores
11Odisha4,19,74,2184.55 Crores
12Telangana3,50,04,0003.80 Crores
13Kerala3,34,06,0613.55 Crores
14Jharkhand3,29,88,1343.85 Crores
15Assam3,12,05,5763.50 Crores
16Punjab2,77,43,3383 Crores
17Chhattisgarh2,55,45,1982.95 Crores
18Haryana2,53,51,4622.95 Crores
UT1Delhi1,67,87,9412 Crores
UT2Jammu & Kashmir1,22,58,4331.34 Crores
19Uttarakhand1,00,86,2921.14 Crores
20Himachal Pradesh68,64,60274 Lakhs
21Tripura36,73,91741 Lakhs
22Meghalaya29,66,88933 Lakhs
23Manipur28,55,79431.65 Lakhs
24Nagaland19,78,50222 Lakhs
25Goa14,58,54516 Lakhs
26Arunachal Pradesh13,83,72715.33 Lakhs
UT3Puducherry12,47,95315.71 Lakhs
27Mizoram10,97,20612.16 Lakhs
UT4Chandigarh10,55,45012 Lakhs
28Sikkim6,10,5776.77 Lakhs
UT5Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu5,86,9566.20 Lakhs
UT6Andaman & Nicobar3,80,5814 Lakhs
UT7Ladakh274,289 2.97 Lakhs

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Top 5 States by Population 2021

The top 5 populated states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh. In 2011 Maharashtra is at 2nd Spot, but Bihar with a higher growth rate (approx 20%) is very close to Maharashtra by 2023-24 it will be at the second spot.

Almost half of the country’s population lives in these five highest populous states & the Ten most populated states of India contribute 74% of India’s population. Bihar has the highest population growth rate during this decade followed by Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The list of the 10 Largest states in India by population is as follows

RankStates2021 estimates
1Uttar Pradesh23 Crores
2Maharashtra12.44 Crores
3Bihar12.30 Crores
4West Bengal9.8 Crores
5Madhya Pradesh8.45 Crores
7Rajasthan8 Crores
6Tamil Nadu7.65 Crores
8Gujarat7 Crores
9Karnataka6.70 Crores
10Andhra Pradesh5.27 Crores

: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Least Populated States 2021

Sikkim is the least populated state followed by Mizoram & Arunachal Pradesh. 12 least populous states/UTs contribute only 1 % of India’s population and the 21 lowest constitute only 10 % of the total. 

RankStates2021 (estimates)
1Sikkim6.77 Lakhs
2Mizoram12.16 Lakhs
3Arunachal Pradesh15.71 Lakhs
4Goa16 Lakhs
5Nagaland22 Lakhs
6Manipur31.65 Lakhs
7Meghalaya33 Lakhs
8Tripura41 Lakhs
9Himachal Pradesh74 Lakhs

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Union Territories by Population 2021

India has 8 union territories, Delhi with close to 20 million population is the largest & Lakshadweep is with a population of 74K is the smallest. Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh are newly formed UTs.

Rank UTs 2021 (estimates)
1 Delhi 2 Crores
2 Jammu & Kashmir 1.34 Crores
3 Puducherry 15.71 Lakhs
4 Chandigarh 12 Lakhs
5 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 6.20 Lakhs
6 Andaman & Nicobar 4 Lakhs
7 Ladakh 2.97 Lakhs
8 Lakshadweep 68000

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

States with Highest Growth Rate 2021

As per estimates, India’s growth rate is approx 14% for 2011-2021. Bihar has the highest population growth rate during 2011-2021 of 19.89% followed by Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

RankStatesGrowth rate
1Bihar19.89 %
2Uttar Pradesh19.05 %
3Rajasthan18.21 %
4Madhya Pradesh17.53 %
5Jharkhand16.99 %
6Chhattisgarh15.23 %
7Assam14.1 %
8Nagaland13.71 %
9Tripura13.5 %
10Meghalaya13.48 %

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Indian States with Lowest Growth Rate 2021

As per estimates, India’s growth rate is approx 14% for 2011-2021. 10 States have grown at a rate below 10%. In the 2011 census, most of the South & Western Indian States have a growth rate below the national average  & in 2021 also they have a low growth rate. Gujarat is a state with the least growth rate followed by Kerala & Tamilnadu. 

RankStateGrowth rate
3Tamil Nadu7.89
5Himachal Pradesh8.56
7Andhra Pradesh8.73
9West Bengal9.13

Source: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates

Top Indian States & Union Territories by Area

The top 5 states area-wise are Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh & Gujarat. Ladakh is Largest Union Territory by Area followed by Jammu & Kashmir. Goa is the smallest State by Area & Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory.

List of Indians States with Area & Density

RankStates/UTArea (sq. km)Density* (p/km2)
2Madhya Pradesh308,245282
4Uttar Pradesh240,928996
7Andhra Pradesh162,968334
9Tamil Nadu130,051604
13West Bengal88,7521127
14Arunachal Pradesh83,74319
18Himachal Pradesh55,673135
22Jammu & Kashmir42,241327
29Andaman & Nicobar8,24951
33Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu6031028

: Census 2011 & UIAI for 2021 Estimates
* Density based on 2021 Estimtes

Largest & Smallest State by Area
#State/UTArea (sq. km)
Largest StateRajasthan342,239 km2
Largest UTLadakh96,701 km2
Smallest StateGoa3,702 km2
Smallest UTLakshadweep32 km2
Largest & Smallest State by Density
#State/UTDensity (p/km2)
Highest Density StateBihar1349 p/km2
Highest Density UTDelhi12803 p/km2
Least Density StateArunachal Pradesh19 p/km2
Least Density UTLadakh3 p/km2

* Density based on 2021 Estimates

Indian States by Literary Rate

As per the Census 2011, India’s literacy rate in 2011 is 73%. Male literacy rates in 80.90% & the female literacy rate is 64.60%. Literacy rate in Urban is 84.10% & 67.80% in rural India. Kerala is the state with the highest literacy rate ( 94%) & Andhra Pradesh (67%) is the lowest. Below is the list of States & Union territories with literacy rates from highest to lowest. 

StateLiteracy Rate
Himachal Pradesh86.6
Tamil Nadu82.9
West Bengal80.5
Jammu & Kashmir77.3
Madhya Pradesh73.7
Uttar Pradesh73
Andhra Pradesh66.4
All India77.7

survey by National Statistical Office (NSO) 

Indian States by Female Sex Ratio at birth

The sex ratio at birth Of India for the period 2015-17 (3-years average) has been estimated at 896. At National level, it is 898 in rural areas and 890 in urban areas. Among the bigger States/UTs, the sex ratio at birth varies from 961 in Chhattisgarh to 833 in Haryana.

In the rural areas, the highest and the lowest sex ratio at birth are in the States of Chhattisgarh (985) and Haryana (828) respectively. The sex ratio at birth in urban areas varies from 950 in Madhya Pradesh to 816 in Uttarakhand. Chart 32 depicts the variation in sex ratio at birth by residence among bigger States/UTs in the country.

Sex ratio (female per 1000 male) at birth by residence, 2015-2017

India 896898890
Andhra Pradesh 916928885
Assam 915918891
Bihar 900904865
Chhattisgarh 961985862
Delhi 850926848
Gujarat 855865838
Haryana 833828844
Himachal Pradesh918920878
Jammu & Kashmir917919910
Jharkhand 916927876
Karnataka 929958879
Kerala 948965931
Madhya Pradesh 916908950
Maharashtra 881886875
Odisha 938946881
Punjab 886874905
Rajasthan 856858851
Tamil Nadu 907919896
Telangana 897922859
Uttar Pradesh 878862938
Uttarakhand 841849816
West Bengal 939943925

Source: Based on Indian Census 2017  Study & Estimates