> > World Population >> Asia >> Southeast Asia

Indonesia Population and religion percentage

Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It’s the world’s largest island country, and the fourteenth-largest country by area. With a population of more than 270 million, It’s the world’s fourth-most populous country. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Indonesia in 2024 is 279,798,049 (280 million or 28 Crore)

Source: UN World Population Prospects 

Indonesia Map location

Table of Contents

Indonesia’s population will show a growth rate of 0.75% during 2022-23. Its population is equivalent to 3.51% of the total world population. The total Land Area of Indonesia is 1,811,569 sq. km (699,451 sq. mi) and the Population Density of Indonesia is 152 person/sq.km (394 per/ sq. mi)

Indonesia2024 Population
Total Population279,798,049
Global Rank4
Share of World Pop.3.51%
Area 1,811,569 sq. km
(699,451 sq. mi)
Area Rank14th


152 person/sq.km

Fertility Rate*2.32
Infant mortality rate**7.7
Median Age29.7 Years
Life Expectancy72.32 year
Urban Population56.4 %

Source: United Nations World  Populations Prospects 

*Fertility rate, the average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age

Religion in Indonesia

The Indonesian government officially recognizes only six religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. The Indigenous religions are only partly acknowledged.

Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country. As per the 2018, census Islam has 231 million adherents (86.7%), with Sunnis being the majority (99%). The Shias and Ahmadis, respectively, constitute 1% (1–3 million) and 0.2% (200,000–400,000) of Muslims.

Almost 11% of Indonesians are Christians (Protestantism – 7.6% and Catholicism – 3.12%), while the rest are Hindus, Buddhists, and others. Most Hindus are Balinese, and most Buddhists are Chinese Indonesians.

Indonesia Religion Percentage

3Hinduism 1.74%
4Buddhism 0.77%
5Confucianism 0.03%
Top Cities in Indonesia by Population
2SurabayaEast Java3,009,800
3BandungWest Java2,575,478
4MedanNorth Sumatera2,241,890
5SemarangCentral Java2,067,254
6PalembangSouth Sumatera1,455,284
7MakassarSouth Sulawesi1,337,800
8BatamRiau Islands1,290,890
10Bandar LampungLampung1,015,910

source:  Inter-census Survey 

Population of Indonesia 2024 | Religion in Indonesia