Population of India by religion 2023

India has the distinction of being the land from where important religions namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism have originated. At the same time, the country is home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries and are holding the ground firmly. The regional con-existence of diverse religious groups in the country makes it really unique and the epithet of unity in diversity is brought out clearly in the Indian Census.

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, little over 966 million (79.80%) have returned themselves as followers of Hinduism, 172 million (14.23%) as Muslims or followers of Islam, 27.8 million (2.3%) as Christians, 20.8 million (1.72%) as Sikh, 8.5 million (0.70%) as Buddhists and 4.5 million (0.37%) are Jain. In addition, over 8 million have reported professing other religions and faiths including tribal religions, different from the six main religions.

#ReligionPercentage 2011Estimated 2023State Majority
1Hindu79.80%110 Crores29
2Muslim14.23%21 Crores2
3Christian2.30%3.22 Crores4
4Sikh1.72%2.38 Crores1
5Buddhist0.70%98 Lakh
6Jain0.37%52 Lakhs
7Other Religion0.66%92 Lakhs
8Not Stated0.24%34 Lakhs

Source: Census 2011

read about the Population of India 

State wise religion in India

States wise Religion Percentage

1Andhra Pradesh90.87%7.33%1.38%0.02%0.01%0.39%Hindu
2Arunachal Pradesh29.04%1.95%30.26%0.24%11.77%26.74%Christian
9Himachal Pradesh95.17%2.18%0.18%1.16%1.15%0.16%Hindu
13Madhya Pradesh90.89%6.57%0.29%0.21%0.03%2.01%Hindu
23Tamil Nadu87.58%5.86%6.12%0.02%0.02%0.40%Hindu
26Uttar Pradesh79.73%19.26%0.18%0.32%0.10%0.41%Hindu
28West Bengal70.54%27.01%0.72%0.07%0.31%1.35%Hindu

Union Territories

1Andaman and Nicobar Islands69.45%8.52%21.28%0.34%0.09%0.32%Hindu
2Chandigarh80.78%4.87%0.11%13.11% 1.13%Hindu
3Dadra & Nagar Haveli93.93%3.76%1.49%0.06%0.18%0.58%Hindu
4Daman & Diu90.50%7.92%1.16%0.07%0.09%0.26%Hindu
6Jammu and Kashmir28.44%68.31%0.28%1.87%0.90%0.20%Muslim

Source: Census 2011 

Urban India Population Religion wise

1All Religion100.00%37.71 Crores
2Hindu74.82%28.22 Crores
3Muslim18.23%6.87 Crores
4Christian2.96%1.12 Crores
5Sikh1.57%59.02 Lakhs
6Buddhist0.96%36.28 Lakhs
7Jain0.94%35.47 Lakhs
8Other Religion0.20%7.39 Lakhs
9Not Stated0.32%12.24 Lakhs

Source: Census 2011

Rural India Population Religion wise

1All Religion100.00%83.38 Crores
2Hindu82.05%68.41 Crores
3Muslim12.41%10.35 Crores
4Christian2.00%1.67 Crores
5Sikh1.79%1.49 Crores
6Buddhist0.58%48.15 Lakhs
7Jain0.11%9.04 Lakhs
8Other Religion0.86%72 Lakhs
9Not Stated0.20%16.44 Lakhs

Source: Census 2011

Hindu Population in India 2023

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, little over 966 million (79.80%) have returned themselves as followers of Hinduism. In 2023 approx 110 crore people follow Hinduism in India. Hinduism is professed by the majority of the population in India. India is home to about 94% of the world’s Hindus. Along with Nepal, it is one of only two Hindu-majority countries. 

The Hindus are most numerous in 29 States/UTs except in Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Jammu & Kashmir, and Punjab.

read more about the Hindu population in India

Muslim population in India 2023

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, 172 million (14.23%) as Muslims or followers of Islam. By 2023 approx 21 crores of people are Muslims In India.  India is also home to one of the world’s largest Muslim populations, surpassed only by Indonesia.

The Muslims professing Islam are in majority in Lakshadweep and Jammu & Kashmir. The percentage of Muslims is sizable in Assam (34.22%), West Bengal (27.01%), Kerala (26.56%), Uttar Pradesh (19.26%), and Bihar (16.87%).

Read more about the Muslim population in India

Christian Population in India 2023

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, little over 27.8 million (2.3%) are Christians. In 2023 approx 3.22 Crores people are Christians in India. Christianity has emerged as the major religion in three Northeastern states, namely, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya. Among other states/Uts, Manipur (41.29%), Goa (25.10%), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (21.28%), Kerala (18.38%), and Arunachal Pradesh (30.26%) have a considerable percentage of the Christian population to the total population of the State/UT.

read more about the Christian Population in India

Sikh Population in India 2023

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, little over  20.8 million (1.72%) are Sikh. Punjab (57%), Chandigarh (13.11%), Haryana (4.91%), Delhi (3.40%), Uttarakhand  (2.34%) and Jammu & Kashmir (1.87%) are important States/Uts having Sikh populations.  In 2023 approx 2.4 Crores people follow Sikhism in India.

read more about the Sikh population in India

Buddhists Population in India 2023

At the census of 2011,  8.5 million (0.70%) are Buddhists in India. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and North-East states have large Buddhist populations.  In 2023 approx 10 million or 1 Crore people are followers of Buddhism in India.

read more about Buddhist Population in India.

Jaini Population in India 2023

At the census 2011, out of the 1.21 billion population, 4.5 million or 45 Lakh have returned themselves as followers of the Jain religion. Jains constitute 0.37% of the Total Population of India in 2011. Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi have reported major Jain populations. In 2023 approx 52 Lakhs people follow Jainism in India,

Read more about Jain Population in India

Source: Census 2011

India Population by Religion 2023 | State-wise religion in India

2 thoughts on “India Population by Religion 2023 | State-wise religion in India

Comments are closed.