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Pakistan Population and Religion percentage

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in Southern Asia. Pakistan is the world’s fifth-most populous country equivalent to 2.83% of the world’s population.  By Land area is the 33rd-largest country in the world. As per the Pakistan Census 2023, the population of Pakistan in 2023 is 241,499,431 (241 million or 24.1 Crore)

Pakistan location on Map

Pakistan has a population growth rate during 2017-2023 of 2.55%. It’s equivalent to 2.83% of the total world population.  The total Land Area of Pakistan is 882,623 sq. km (340,783 sq. mi) & the Population Density of Pakistan is 287 per sq. km (648 people per mi2).

Pakistan2023 Population
Total Population241,499,431
Global Rank5th
Share of World Pop.2.83%
Land Area 882,623 sq. km (340,783 sq. mi)
Area Rank33rd

Density

Capital City

287 person/sq. km

Islamabad

Fertility Rate*3.55
Infant mortality rate**55.8
Median Age22.8 years
Life Expectancy67.79 years
Urban Population35.1%

Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects 

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Pakistan

The state religion in Pakistan is Islam. The majority of Pakistanis are Muslims (96.47%) followed by Hindus (2.14%) and Christians (1.27%). There are also people in Pakistan who follow other religions, such as Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, and the minority of Parsi (who follow Zoroastrianism).

ReligionPopulation 2017Percentage %
Muslims 200,352,75496.47%
Hindus4,444,4372.14%
Christians2,637,5861.27%
Ahmadiyyas207,6880.09%
Sikhs 20,7680.01%
Others (inc. Zoroastrians, Baháʼís, Buddhists, Irreligious)20,7670.01%
Total207,684,000 

Source: Pakistan Census 2017

Islam in Pakistan

Islam is the state religion of Pakistan, and about 96% of Pakistanis are Muslim. Pakistan has the second largest number of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. The majority are Sunni (85% to 90%) while Shias make up between 10% and 15%. Smaller minority Muslim populations in Pakistan include Quranists and nondenominational Muslims. There are also two Mahdi’ist-based creeds practiced in Pakistan, namely Mahdavia and Ahmadis, the latter of whom are considered by the constitution of Pakistan to be non-Muslims and constitute 1% of the Muslim population.

Nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi Islamic school of thought, while a small number belong to the Hanbali school. The majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the Twelver (Ithna Asharia) branch, with the significant minority who adhere to the Ismailism branch that is composed of Nizari (Aga Khanis), Mustaali, Dawoodi Bohra, Sulaymani, and others. 

Hinduism in Pakistan

Hinduism is the second-largest religious affiliation in Pakistan after Islam. As of 2020, Pakistan has the fourth largest Hindu population in the world after India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. According to the 2017 Census, There are 4.4 million Hindus in Pakistan out of 207.68 million total population comprising 2.14% of the country’s population. Hindus are found in all provinces of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh. About 93% of Hindus live in Sindh, 5% in Punjab, and nearly 2% in Balochistan.

Christianity in Pakistan

Christians make up 1.6% of Pakistan’s population. Most of the Pakistani Christian community consists of Punjabis who converted during the British colonial era and their descendants. Pakistani Christians mainly live in Punjab and in urban centers. 

Statewise Population

StatePopulation 2023
Punjab127,688,922
Sindh55,696,147
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa40,856,097
Balochistan14,894,402
Islamabad Capital236,863

Source: Pakistan Census 2023

Top Cities in Pakistan by Population
#NameSatatePopulation
1KarachiSindh14,916,456
2LahorePunjab11,126,285
3FaisalabadPunjab3,204,726
4RawalpindiPunjab2,098,231
5GujranwalaPunjab2,027,001
6PeshawarKhyber1,970,042
7MultanPunjab1,871,843
8HyderabadPunjab1,734,309
9IslamabadICA1,009,832
10QuettaBaluchistan1,001,200

Source: Pakistan Census 2017

Population of Pakistan 2024 | Religion in Pakistan