Population of Chennai 2022 | Chennai City Population

Chennai Population 2022

Chennai is the capital of the State of Tamil Nadu, India. As per the 2011 census, it is the sixth-most populous city in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitutes the Chennai Metropolitan Area and its fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.

 As per the provisional data of the 2011 census, Chennai  had a population of 4,646,732 (46.46 lakh) & Estimated Population of Chennai  in 2022 is 49.50 lakh ( 5 million)

Population of Chennai in 2022 - 49.50 lakhs or 5 million

Chennai CityCensus 20112022 Estimates
Total Population4,646,732 (46.46 lakh) 49.50 Lakh
Male Population2,335,84424.80 lakh
Female Population2,310,88824.70 lakh
Chennai Demography2011 Census
Population Density17000 per sq. km
Average Literacy (%)90.20%
% of Male Literates93.70%
% of Female Literates86.60%
Sex Ratio989
Child Sex Ratio950
Children (0-6 years)459,324 (9.88%)

Source: Census 2011

Chennai Historic Population

As per Census 2011, Chennai has a population growth rate of 6.98% during 2001-2011.  Its expected to have population growth rate of 5% during 2011-2021.

In 1901 Population of Chennai was 5.41 lakh & Year 2021 its estimated around 50 lakh. Let’s look at population & percentage change from the Year 1901 to 2021.

Census  YearPopulationAbsolute ChangePercantage Change
1901541,167 – –
2021 (estimate)4,920,000273,2685.88%

Census 2011 Details

As per the provisional reports of Census India, the population of Chennai City in 2011 is 46,46,732 ( 46.46 Lakhs) of which the male population is 23,35,844 and the female population is 23,10,888.


The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that the density of Chennai for 2011 is 17000 people per sq. km. Chennai city administers area is 426 sq. km


The average literacy rate of Chennai City in 2011 was 90.20%. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy was 93.70% and 86.60% respectively. 


With regards to the Sex Ratio in Chennai, it stood at 989 per 1000 males. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per the latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. In the 2011 census, the child sex ratio is 950 girls per 1000 boys


In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected. There were a total of 4,59,324 children under the age of 0-6 years. Of total 2,35,519 are boys while 2,23,805 are girls. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 950. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 9.88 % of the total population of Chennai City

Sources: Census 2011

Chennai Metropolitan Area Population

The Chennai Metropolitan Area or Chennai Urban Allogermation is the fourth-most populous urban area in India, the 22nd-most in Asia, and the 40th-most in the world. Chennai metropolitan area is made up of Chennai District and its suburbs distributed in Kanchipuram, Chengpattu, and Thiruvallur districts. 

As per the provisional data of the 2011 census, Chennai metropolitan area had a population of 86,53,521 (86.52 Lakhs)  & estimated population of Chennai metropolitan area in 2022 is 10 million or 1 Crore.

The main Cities in Chennai UA are Chennai, Ambattur, Avadi, Tiruvottiyur, Pallavaram, Tambaram, Alandur & Madavaram.

Sources: Census 2011