Indian States by Literacy Rate 2021 | Literacy Rate of India

Literary Rate of India 2021

According to the Census 2011, as many as 763,498,517 persons in the country are literate. Of these 434,683,779 are males and 328,814,738 are females. While the overall literacy rate works out to be 72.9 %, the male literacy rate is 80.89% and that for females is 64.64%, showing a gap of 16.25 percentage points between the sexes at the national level.

According to National Family  Health Survey (NFHS-5) 2019-21 male literacy at India level in 2021 stands at 84.4% & female literacy stands at 71.5%

As per the National Statistical Office (NSO) data for 2017-18 on state-wise literacy rate in the country, India’s average literacy rate is 77.7%. 

#Literate Population 2011Literacy Rate 2011Estimated Literacy Rate 2021
Persons763,498,51772.99%77.70%
Males434,683,77980.89%84.70%
Females328,814,73864.64%70.30%

Source: Census 2011 & National Statistical Office (NSO) data 

Literacy rate: Literacy rate is defined as the percentage of literate persons of age 7 years and above. A person who can read and write a simple message in any language with understanding is considered literate.

List of States & Union Territories by Literary Rate 2021

According to National Family  Health Survey (NFHS-5) 2019-21 male literacy at India level in 2021 stands at 84.4% & female literacy stands at 71.5%. 

Male Female gap at the all-India level is 12.9  percentage points with male literacy at 84.7% and female literacy at 70.3%. The gap between male and female literacy is the smallest in Kerala at just 2.2 percentage points.

Andhra Pradesh’s literacy rate of 66.4% is the lowest among all states in India, Kerala ranked highest in the list with 96.2%. Delhi stood second with 88.7%. Below is the list of States & Union territories with literacy rates

States & Union Territories  Male
Literacy Rate %
Female
Literacy Rate %
Average
 Literacy Rate %
A&N islands 90.11 81.84 86.27
Andhra Pradesh  73.4 59.5 66.4
Arunachal Pradesh 73.69 59.57 66.95
Assam  90.1 81.2 85.9
Bihar  79.7 60.5 70.9
Chhattisgarh  85.4 68.7 77.3
Chandigarh 90.54 81.38 86.43
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 86.46 65.93 77.65
Daman & Diu 91.48 79.59 87.07
Delhi  93.7 82.4 88.7
Goa 92.81 81.84 87.4
Gujarat  89.5 74.8 82.4
Haryana  88 71.3 80.4
Himachal Pradesh  92.9 80.5 86.6
Jammu & Kashmir  85.7 68 77.3
Jharkhand  83 64.7 74.3
Karnataka  83.4 70.5 77.2
Kerala  97.4 95.2 96.2
Lakshadweep 96.11 88.25 92.28
Madhya Pradesh  81.2 65.5 73.7
Maharashtra  90.7 78.4 84.8
Manipur 86.49 73.17 79.85
Meghalaya 77.17 73.78 75.48
Mizoram 93.72 89.4 91.58
Nagaland 83.29 76.69 80.11
Odisha  84 70.3 77.3
Puducherry 92.12 81.22 86.55
Punjab  88.5 78.5 83.7
Rajasthan  80.8 57.6 69.7
Sikkim 87.29 76.43 82.2
Tamil Nadu  87.9 77.9 82.9
Telangana  80.5 65.1 72.8
Tripura 92.18 83.15 87.75
Uttarakhand  94.3 80.7 87.6
Uttar Pradesh  81.8 63.4 73.0
West Bengal  84.8 76.1 80.5
All-India  84.7 70.3 77.7

Source: Survey by National Statistical Office (NSO). *UTs & NE States based on 2011 Census

Indian States with Highest Literacy Rate

As per the National Statistical Office (NSO) data for 2017-18 on state-wise literacy rate in the country Kerala ranked highest in the list with 96.2%. Delhi stood second with 88.7%.

States with Highest Literacy Rate

#StateMaleFemale Average
1Kerala 97.495.296.2
2Mizoram93.7289.491.58
3Delhi 93.782.488.7
4Tripura92.1883.1587.75
5Uttarakhand 94.380.787.6
6Goa92.8181.8487.4
7Himachal Pradesh 92.980.586.6
8Assam 90.181.285.9
9Maharashtra 90.778.484.8
10Punjab 88.578.583.7


Source:
survey by National Statistical Office (NSO). *UTs & NE States based on 2011 Census

Indian States with Lowest Literacy Rate

As per the National Statistical Office (NSO) data for 2017-18 on state-wise literacy rate the country, Andhra Pradesh ranked Lowest in the list with 66.2% followed by Rajasthan & Bihar. 

States with Lowest Literacy Rate

#StateMaleFemale Average
1Andhra Pradesh 73.459.566.4
2Rajasthan 80.857.669.7
3Bihar 79.760.570.9
4Telangana 80.565.172.8
5Uttar Pradesh 81.863.473.0
6Madhya Pradesh 81.265.573.7
7Jharkhand 8364.774.3
8Karnataka 83.470.577.2
9Chhattisgarh 85.468.777.3
10Jammu & Kashmir 85.76877.3


Source:
survey by National Statistical Office (NSO). *UTs & NE States based on 2011 Census

Literary Rate Urban Vs Rural 20

The literacy rate among persons (aged 7 years and above) in India was about 77.7%. In rural areas, literacy rate was 73.5% compared to 87.7% in urban areas.

StatesRural Literacy RateUrban Literacy Rate
MaleFemaleAverageMaleFemaleAverage
Andhra Pradesh 67.553.460.486.373.179.6
Assam 89.479.984.996.191.493.8
Bihar 78.658.769.589.375.983.1
Chhattisgarh 8465.67591.882.387.2
Delhi    94.183.489.4
Gujarat 85.7687795.286.391.1
Haryana 85.866.47792.581.287.3
Himachal Pradesh 92.379.285.697.89395.5
Jammu & Kashmir 84.96675.888.575.782.6
Jharkhand 80.661.471.492.678.686.1
Karnataka 78.263.17192.583.788.3
Kerala 96.794.195.498.296.497.3
Madhya Pradesh 77.96169.891.479.585.8
Maharashtra 8771.479.495.387.691.7
Odisha 8267.374.994.485.990.2
Punjab 85.5748093.886.790.5
Rajasthan 77.652.665.591.174.683.5
Tamil Nadu 84.270.877.592.385.989
Telangana 70.653.762.191.77985.5
Uttarakhand 93.17986.197.485.992
Uttar Pradesh 80.560.470.886.874.981.2
West Bengal 8272.677.491.484.788.1
All-India 81.56573.592.282.887.7

Source: survey by National Statistical Office (NSO)

Completed educational level of population for different age-groups

Percentage distribution of rural persons ( ages 15 years & above by highest completed levels of education)

  • 31.5% were not literate,
  • 20.9% were literates up to primary
  • 17.2% were of level upper primary/middle,
  • 24.9% were of levels secondary and higher secondary
  • 5.7% were graduates & above.

Percentage distribution of urban persons  (age 15 years & above by highest completed level of education)

  • 13.9% were not literate,
  • 14.7% were literates up to primary,
  • 14.0% were of level upper primary/middle,
  • 35.8% were of level secondary and higher secondary
  • 21.7% were graduate& above
Source: survey by National Statistical Office (NSO)