State legislative assemblies of India | Vidhan Sabha | States MLA List

State legislative assemblies of India | Vidhan Sabha

The State Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India. A state legislature that has one house – State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) – is a unicameral legislature. A state legislature that has two houses – the State Legislative assembly and State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) – is a bicameral legislature.

The Vidhan Sabha is the lower house and corresponds to the Lok Sabha while the Vidhan Parishad is the upper house and corresponds to the Rajya Sabha of the Parliament of India. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh have bicameral legislatures, with the remaining states having a unicameral one. 

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5-year terms by single-member constituencies. State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) has 60 to 500 members.  In 28 states and 3 union territories, it is the legislative body that governs the state. 5 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.  State-wise list of Vidhan Sabha & their strengths

Vidhan Sabha of States

22 states and 3 union territories have unicameral state legislature, Vidhan Sabha is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad). 5 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

#State/UTsHouse strengthRuling partyCurrent house
1Andhra Pradesh 175YSR Congress Party15th
2Arunachal Pradesh 60Bharatiya Janata Party7th
3Assam 126Bharatiya Janata Party15th
4Bihar243Janata Dal (United)17th
5Chhattisgarh 90Indian National Congress5th
6Delhi 70Aam Aadmi Party7th
7Goa 40Bharatiya Janata Party7th
8Gujarat 182Bharatiya Janata Party14th
9Haryana 90Bharatiya Janata Party14th
10Himachal Pradesh 68Bharatiya Janata Party13th
11Jammu and Kashmir87Dissolved 
12Jharkhand 81Jharkhand Mukti Morcha5th
13Karnataka 224Bharatiya Janata Party15th
14Kerala 140Communist Party of India (Marxist)15th
15Madhya Pradesh 230Bharatiya Janata Party15th
16Maharashtra 288Shiv Sena14th
17Manipur 60Bharatiya Janata Party12th
18Meghalaya 60National People’s Party10th
19Mizoram 40Mizo National Front7th
20Nagaland60Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party13th
21Odisha 147Biju Janata Dal16th
22Puducherry 33All India N.R. Congress15th
23Punjab 117Indian National Congress15th
24Rajasthan 200Indian National Congress15th
25Sikkim 32Sikkim Krantikari Morcha10th
26Tamil Nadu 234Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam16th
27Telangana 119Telangana Rashtra Samithi2nd
28Tripura 60Bharatiya Janata Party12th
29Uttar Pradesh 403Bharatiya Janata Party17th
30Uttarakhand 70Bharatiya Janata Party4th
31West Bengal 294All India Trinamool Congress17th

State legislative councils of India | Vidhan Parishad

The State Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad is the upper house in those 6 states of India that have a bicameral state legislature. As on July 2021, 6 out of 28 states have a State Legislative Council. These are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. Member od Vidhan Parishad is known as Member Legislative Council (MLC), 

Vidhan Parishad of States

#StatesStrengthRuling Party
1Andhra Pradesh 58YSR Congress Party
2Bihar 75Janata Dal (United)
3Karnataka 75Bharatiya Janata Party
4Maharashtra78Shiv Sena
5Telangana 40Telangana Rashtra Samithi
6Uttar Pradesh 100Bharatiya Janata Party