Colombia Population and Religion Percentage

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country in South America. It’s the second-largest populated country in South America. As per the UN World Population Prospects, the estimated population of Colombia  in 2024 is 52,340,773 (52 million or 5.2 Crore)

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Location of Colombia on Map

Colombia  2024 Population
Total Population52,340,773
Global Rank28th 
Share of World Pop.0.65%
Land Area 1,038,700 sq. km (401,000 sq. mi)
Area Rank25th
Pop. Density46 per Km2 
Growth rate-3.73%
Fertility Rate*1.82
Infant mortality rate**11
Median Age 31.3 years
Life Expectancy77.87 years
Urban Population80.4%

Religion in Colombia

Christianity is the largest religion in Colombia and is followed by 90% of the population. Roman Catholics (70.9%) have the most adherents. Next are Protestants (16.7%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (1.8%), and other Christians.

Other Non-Christian-based faiths population is at 1% and it includes  Baháʼí Faith, Islam, Buddhism, Mormonism, Hinduism, and Indigenous religions.

Some 4.7% of the population is atheist or agnostic, while 3.5% claim to believe in God but do not follow a specific religion and another 2% don’t know or have no answer about religious choices.

Religion Percentage in Colombia 

Religion/ AffiliationPercentage %
Catholic Christianity 70.9%
Protestant Christianity 16.7%
Jehovah’s Witnesses and Adventism 1.8%
Atheist or agnostic 4.7%
Irreligious Theist 3.5%
Other 1%
Unknown 2%

Colombia ethnic composition

About 58% of Colombia’s population belongs to the mestizo group (a mix of Europeans and Indigenous people). The European population, largely of Spanish origin, accounts for approximately 20% of the total population. 

People of African and mulatto descent, which is a mix of African and European ancestry, make up almost 14% of the population. They are primarily concentrated in the coastal departments and traditional sugar-growing areas like the Cauca River valley. Black or African Origins are of 4% of the population. The indigenous population is about 4%and others include a small number of people from the Middle East, non-Iberian Europe, and East Asia.

Racial Percentage

  • Mestizo: 58%
  • White: 20%
  • Mulatto (African and European mix): 14%
  • Black (African Origin): 4%
  • Indigenous Peoples: 4%

Source: Census estimates

Top Cities in Colombia by Population
3CaliValle del Cauca21,72,527
6CúcutaNorte de Santander6,85,445
13Santa MartaMagdalena4,55,299

Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects and Census estimates

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Colombia 2024 | Religion in Colombia

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