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Europe Population 2024

Europe is the third-largest continent in the world, consisting of 45 countries and 4 dependent territories. The total land area is 22,134,900 sq. Km and the population density is 34 per sq. Km. About 74.5% of the population is urban, and the median age in Europe is 42.5 years

According to the United Nations, in 1950, the population of Europe was estimated to be around 550 million people. It reached 700 million in 1982 and 725 million in 2006. In 2020, Europe’s population was estimated to be 748 million. Due to the low fertility rate, the European population is expected to remain around 700 million by 2050.

According to the UN, the estimated European population in 2024 is 741,651,866 (741 million or 74.1 crores).

An estimated 9.5 % of the world population lives in Europe (743 Million). Russia (144 million), Germany ( 83 million), and the United Kingdom (68 million) remain the top three populous countries in Europe.  

Let’s have a look at the Country-wise population of Europe.

#CountryPopulation 2024 (UN Estimates)
1Russian Federation 144,713,314
2Germany 83,369,843
3United Kingdom 67,508,935
4Italy59,037,474
5Spain47,558,629
6Poland39,857,146
7Ukraine39,701,739
8Romania19,659,266
9Netherlands 17,564,014
10Belgium11,655,930
11Sweden 10,549,347
12Czechia 10,493,986
13Greece 10,384,971
14Portugal 10,270,865
15Hungary 9,967,307
16Belarus 9,534,954
17Austria 8,939,617
18Switzerland 8,740,472
19Serbia7,221,366
20Bulgaria6,781,953
21Denmark5,882,262
22Slovakia5,643,453
23Finland5,540,746
24Norway5,434,319
25Ireland5,023,108
26Croatia4,030,358
27Moldova3,272,996
28Bosnia and Herzegovina3,233,526
29Albania2,842,321
30Armenia2,780,469
31Lithuania2,750,055
32Slovenia2,119,844
33North Macedonia2,093,598
34Latvia1,850,651
35Kosovo1,659,713
36Estonia1,326,062
37Luxembourg647,599
38Montenegro627,082
39Malta533,286
40Iceland372,898
41Channel Islands174,080
42Isle of Man*84,519
43Andorra79,824
44Faroe Islands*53,090
45Liechtenstein39,327
46Monaco36,469
47San Marino33,660
48Gibraltar*32,649
49Holy See510

Kosovo is a partially recognized country that declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008. It has an area of 10,887 sq. km2 (4,203 sq mi).

*Overseas Territory or Dependencies

European Countries by Land Area

Europe covers about 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi ), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area), making it the second-smallest continent. There are 45 Countries & 4 Dependencies in Europe of which Russia is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. The population density in Europe is 72.9 per Km2 (188 people per mi2). 

Largest & Smallest Country by Area
AreawiseCountryArea (sq. km)
Largest by AreaRussia1,63,76,870 Km2
Smallest  by AreaMonaco2 Km2
Largest & Smallest Country by Density
Density wiseCountryDensity (P/Km2)
Highest Population DensityMonaco26337(p/km2)
least Population DensityIceland3 (p/km2)
#CountryLand Area (Km²)Density (P/Km²)
1Russia1,63,76,8709
2Ukraine5,79,32075
3France5,47,557119
4Spain4,98,80094
5Sweden4,10,34025
6Norway3,65,26815
7Germany3,48,560240
8Poland3,06,230124
9Finland3,03,89018
10Italy2,94,140206
11United Kingdom2,41,930281
12Romania2,30,17084
13Belarus2,02,91047
14Greece1,28,90081
15Bulgaria1,08,56064
16Iceland1,00,2503
17Portugal91,590111
18Hungary90,530107
19Serbia87,460100
20Austria82,409109
21Czechia77,240139
22Ireland68,89072
23Lithuania62,67443
24Latvia62,20030
25Croatia55,96073
26Bosnia and Herzegovina51,00064
27Slovakia48,088114
28Denmark42,430137
29Estonia42,39031
30Switzerland39,516219
31Netherlands33,720508
32Moldova32,850123
33Belgium30,280383
34Albania27,400105
35North Macedonia25,22083
36Slovenia20,140103
37Montenegro13,45047
38Luxembourg2,590242
39Faeroe Islands1,39635
40Isle of Man570149
41Andorra470164
42Malta3201,380
43Channel Islands190915
44Liechtenstein160238
45San Marino60566
46Gibraltar103,369
47Monaco226,337
48Holy See0.44km2,003

Kosovo is a partially recognized country that declared its independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008. It has an area of 10,887 sq. km2 (4,203 sq mi).

European Countries by Fertility Rate and Median Age

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of Europe is 1.61

  • Sweden is the country with the highest Fertility rate of 1.9
  • Italy has the lowest Fertility rate i.e 1.3

The median age in Europe is 42.5 years.

  • Italy has the highest median age of 47 Years
  • Albania has the lowest median age of 36 years
# Country Fert. Rate Med. Age
1 Sweden 1.9 41
2 France 1.9 42
3 Iceland 1.8 37
4 Russia 1.8 40
5 Montenegro 1.8 39
6 Ireland 1.8 38
7 Denmark 1.8 42
8 United Kingdom 1.8 40
9 Norway 1.7 40
10 Latvia 1.7 44
11 Lithuania 1.7 45
12 Belarus 1.7 40
13 Belgium 1.7 42
14 Netherlands 1.7 43
15 Estonia 1.6 42
16 Bulgaria 1.6 45
17 Romania 1.6 43
18 Slovenia 1.6 45
19 Albania 1.6 36
20 Czechia 1.6 43
21 Germany 1.6 46
22 Finland 1.5 43
23 North Macedonia 1.5 39
24 Serbia 1.5 42
25 Hungary 1.5 43
26 Austria 1.5 43
27 Slovakia 1.5 41
28 Switzerland 1.5 43
29 Luxembourg 1.5 40
30 Channel Islands 1.5 43
31 Malta 1.5 43
32 Croatia 1.4 44
33 Ukraine 1.4 41
34 Poland 1.4 42
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 43
36 Greece 1.3 46
37 Spain 1.3 45
38 Portugal 1.3 46
39 Moldova 1.3 38
40 Italy 1.3 47


Source: World Population Prospects 2019

Europe Population 2024 | European Countries by Population