Top European Countries by population 2021

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Top European Countries by Population 2021

Population of Europe 2021

As per United Nations, In 1950 the population of Europe was estimated at around 550 million people. It reached 700 million in 1982 and 725 million in 2006. In 2020 Europe population was estimated to be 748 million. Due to the low fertility rate The European population is expected to remain around 700 million by 2050.

Europe rank is number 3 among Continents. The total land area is 22,134,900 Km2  & Population Density is 34 per Km2. 74.5 % of the population is urban & median age in Europe is 42.5years. As per the UN  estimated Europe population in 2020 is 747,636,026 ( 747 million or 74.7 Crores) 

Europe population in May 2021: 748,034,402 ( 748 Millions or 74.8 Crores)

Source: UN estimates & Worldometers

List of Top European Countries by Population

9.78 percent of the world population lives in Europe (748 Million). Russia (145 million), Germany ( 83 million), and United Kingdom (68 million) remain the top three populous countries in Europe.  Let’s have a look at the Country-wise population of Europe

Source: World Population Prospects 2019

#CountryPopulation 2020
(UN  Estimates)
2021 Estimates
1Russia14,59,34,46214.60 Crore
2Germany8,37,83,9428.40 Crore
3United Kingdom6,78,86,011

6.81 Crore

4France6,52,73,5116.53 Crore
5Italy6,04,61,8266 Crore
6Spain4,67,54,7784.67 Crore
7Ukraine4,37,33,7624.35 Crore
8Poland3,78,46,6113.78 Crore
9Romania1,92,37,6911.91 Crore
10Netherlands1,71,34,8721.71 Crore
11Belgium1,15,89,6231.16 Crore
12Czechia1,07,08,9811.07 Crore
13Greece1,04,23,0541.03 Crore
14Portugal1,01,96,7091.01 Crore
15Sweden1,00,99,2651.01 Crore
16Hungary96,60,35196.38 lakhs
17Belarus94,49,32394.46 lakhs
18Austria90,06,39890.51 lakhs
19Serbia87,37,37187 lakhs
20Switzerland86,54,62287.10 lakhs
21Bulgaria69,48,44569 lakhs
22Denmark57,92,20258.10 lakhs
23Finland55,40,72055.50 lakhs
24Slovakia54,59,64254.61 lakhs
25Norway54,21,24154.58 lakhs
26Ireland49,37,78649.86 lakhs
27Croatia41,05,26740.83 lakhs
28Moldova40,33,96340.25 lakhs
29Bosnia and Herzegovina32,80,81932.63 lakhs
30Albania28,77,79728.75 lakhs
31Lithuania27,22,28926.89 lakhs
32North Macedonia20,83,37420.83 lakhs
33Slovenia20,78,93820.79 lakhs
34Latvia18,86,19818.68 lakhs
35Estonia13,26,53513.27 lakhs
36Montenegro6,28,0666.28 lakhs
37Luxembourg6,25,9786.35 lakhs
38Malta4,41,5434.42 lakhs
39Iceland3,41,2433.43 lakhs
40Channel Islands*1,73,8631.75 lakhs
41Isle of Man*85,03385,430
42Andorra77,26577,373
43Faeroe Islands*48,86349.026
44Monaco39,24239,488
45Liechtenstein38,12838,224
46San Marino33,93133994
47Gibraltar*33,69133682
48Holy See (Vatican)801803

*Overseas Territory or Dependencies

List of Top European Countries by Land Area

Europe covers about 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi ), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area), making it the second-smallest continent. There are 44 Countries & 4 Dependencies  in Europe of which Russia is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. The population density in Europe is 72.9 per Km2 (188 people per mi2). 

Largest & Smallest Country by Area
AreawiseCountryArea (sq.km)
Largest by AreaRussia1,63,76,870 Km2
Smallest  by AreaMonaco2 Km2
Largest & Smallest Country by Density
Density wiseCountryDensity (P/Km2)
Highest Population DensityMonaco26337(p/km2)
least population DensityIceland3 (p/km2)
#CountryLand Area (Km²)Density (P/Km²)
1Russia1,63,76,8709
2Ukraine5,79,32075
3France5,47,557119
4Spain4,98,80094
5Sweden4,10,34025
6Norway3,65,26815
7Germany3,48,560240
8Poland3,06,230124
9Finland3,03,89018
10Italy2,94,140206
11United Kingdom2,41,930281
12Romania2,30,17084
13Belarus2,02,91047
14Greece1,28,90081
15Bulgaria1,08,56064
16Iceland1,00,2503
17Portugal91,590111
18Hungary90,530107
19Serbia87,460100
20Austria82,409109
21Czechia77,240139
22Ireland68,89072
23Lithuania62,67443
24Latvia62,20030
25Croatia55,96073
26Bosnia and Herzegovina51,00064
27Slovakia48,088114
28Denmark42,430137
29Estonia42,39031
30Switzerland39,516219
31Netherlands33,720508
32Moldova32,850123
33Belgium30,280383
34Albania27,400105
35North Macedonia25,22083
36Slovenia20,140103
37Montenegro13,45047
38Luxembourg2,590242
39Faeroe Islands1,39635
40Isle of Man570149
41Andorra470164
42Malta3201,380
43Channel Islands190915
44Liechtenstein160238
45San Marino60566
46Gibraltar103,369
47Monaco226,337
48Holy See0.44km2,003

European Countries by Fertility Rate & Median Age

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of Europe is 1.61

  • Sweden is the country with the highest Fertility rate of 1.9
  • Italy has the lowest Fertility rate i.e 1.3

The median age in Europe is 42.5 years.

  • Italy has the highest median age of 47 Years
  • Albania has the lowest median age of 36 years
# Country Fert. Rate Med. Age
1 Sweden 1.9 41
2 France 1.9 42
3 Iceland 1.8 37
4 Russia 1.8 40
5 Montenegro 1.8 39
6 Ireland 1.8 38
7 Denmark 1.8 42
8 United Kingdom 1.8 40
9 Norway 1.7 40
10 Latvia 1.7 44
11 Lithuania 1.7 45
12 Belarus 1.7 40
13 Belgium 1.7 42
14 Netherlands 1.7 43
15 Estonia 1.6 42
16 Bulgaria 1.6 45
17 Romania 1.6 43
18 Slovenia 1.6 45
19 Albania 1.6 36
20 Czechia 1.6 43
21 Germany 1.6 46
22 Finland 1.5 43
23 North Macedonia 1.5 39
24 Serbia 1.5 42
25 Hungary 1.5 43
26 Austria 1.5 43
27 Slovakia 1.5 41
28 Switzerland 1.5 43
29 Luxembourg 1.5 40
30 Channel Islands 1.5 43
31 Malta 1.5 43
32 Croatia 1.4 44
33 Ukraine 1.4 41
34 Poland 1.4 42
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 43
36 Greece 1.3 46
37 Spain 1.3 45
38 Portugal 1.3 46
39 Moldova 1.3 38
40 Italy 1.3 47


Source: World Population Prospects 2019