South American Population 2024

As per United Nations, In 1950 the population of South America was estimated at around 113 million people. It reached 300 million in 1990 and 400 million in 2012. The South American population is expected to be around 500 million by 2050.

As per the United Nations population studies, the estimated South America population in 2024 is 442,860,822 (442 million or 44.2 Crores).  About 85.5 % of the population is urban and the median age in South America is 32.1 years.

Source: UN World Population Prospects

Approx 5.6 % of the world population lives in South America (442 Million). Brazil (217 million) is by far the most populous South American country, with more than half of the continent’s population, followed by Colombia, Argentina, and Peru.   

Let’s have a look at the Country-wise population of South America

#Country2024 Population (UN Estimates)
1Brazil217,637,297
2Colombia52,340,773
3Argentina46,057,867
4Peru34,683,444
5Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 29,395,334
6Chile19,658,840
8Ecuador18,377,366
7Bolivia 12,567,337
9Paraguay6,947,270
10Uruguay3,423,316
11Guyana819,594
12Suriname628,786
14French Guiana*319,796
13Falkland Islands*3,803

Source: UN World Population Prospects 

*Falkland Islands is an Overseas Territory of the UK & French Guiana is France

List of Top South American Countries by Land Area

South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). The total land area is 17,840,000 square kilometres (6,890,000 sq mi) or 12.0 %  of land area,  & Population Density is 25 per Km2 (64 people per mi2).

There are 12 Countries + 2 Overseas Territory ( Falkland Island & French Guinea) in South America of which Brazil is the largest and most populous, covering approx. 47.3% of the continent’s land area and encompassing around half of the continent’s population. The population density in South America is 25 per Km2 (64 people per mi2).

Largest & Smallest Country by Area
AreawiseCountryArea (sq.km)
Largest by AreaBrazil83,58,140 Km2
Smallest  by AreaSuriname 1,56,000 Km2
Largest & Smallest Country by Density
Density wiseCountryDensity (P/Km2)
Highest Population DensityEcuador71 (p/km2)
least population DensitySuriname 4 (p/km2)

*Falkland Islands is Overseas Territory of UK 

#CountryArea (sqkm2)Density (p/km2)
1Brazil83,58,14025
2Argentina27,36,69017
3Peru12,80,00026
4Colombia11,09,50046
5Bolivia10,83,30011
6Venezuela8,82,05032
7Chile7,43,53226
8Paraguay3,97,30018
9Ecuador2,48,36071
10Guyana1,96,8504
11Uruguay1,75,02020
12Suriname1,56,0004
13French Guiana*82,2004
14Falkland Islands*12,1700

*Falkland Islands is Overseas Territory of UK & French Guiana is of France

South American Countries by Fertility Rate & Median Age

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of South America is 1.95

  • Bolivia is the country with the highest Fertility rate of 2.8
  • French Guiana has Fertility rate of 3.4*
  • Brazil & Chile has the lowest rate i.e 1.7

The median age in South America is 32.1 years.

  • Uruguay has the highest median age of 36 Years
  • Bolivia has the lowest median of 26 years
  • French Guiana has the median of 25 years*
# Country Fert Rate Median age
1 French Guiana* 3.4 25
2 Bolivia 2.8 26
3 Guyana 2.5 27
4 Paraguay 2.4 26
5 Ecuador 2.4 28
6 Suriname 2.4 29
7 Argentina 2.3 32
8 Peru 2.3 31
9 Venezuela 2.3 30
10 Uruguay 2 36
11 Colombia 1.8 31
12 Brazil 1.7 33
13 Chile 1.7 35


Source: World Population Prospects

*Falkland Islands is Overseas Territory of UK & French Guiana is of France

South America Population 2024 | South American Countries by population

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