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Central America Population 2023

Central America is a region of the Continent of North America. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Their combined population is estimated at 50 million.  As per the UN estimates the Central American population in 2020 is 51,556,233 (515 million or 5.1 Crore)

Estimated Central America population in 2023:  521 million or 5.2 Crores

Source: UN World population prospects

Central Americans Countries by Population

An estimated 0.65% of the world’s population lives in the 7 nations of Central America. Guatemala (17 million), Honduras( 10 million), and Nicaragua (7 million) remain the top three populous countries in Central America.  

#CountryPopulation 2022 
4El Salvador6,336,392
5Costa Rica5,180,829

For Mexico see Population of North America

List of Central American Countries by Land Area

The area of Central America is 523,780 square kilometers (202,230 sq mi), It has a population density of 91 per square kilometer (240/sq mi).  There are 7 Countries in Central America of which Nicaragua is the largest and El Salvador the smallest.

Largest & Smallest Country by Area
AreawiseCountryArea (sq.km)
Largest by AreaNicaragua1,30,370 Km2
Smallest  by AreaEl Salvador21,041 Km2
Largest & Smallest Country by Density
Density wiseCountryDensity (P/Km2)
Highest Population DensityEl Salvador 292 (p/km2)
least population DensityBelize13 (p/km2)


#CountryArea (sq. Km)Density ( P/km2)
5Costa Rica51,10082
7El Salvador21,041292

For Mexico see Population of North America



Central American Countries by Fertility Rate & Median Age

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of Asia is 2.23

  • Guatemala is the country with the highest Fertility rate of 2.9
  • Costa Rica has the lowest rate i.e 1.8

The median age in Europe is 28.2 years

  • Costa Rica has the highest median age of 33 Years
  • Guatemala has the lowest rate of 23 years
#CountryFer. RateMed. Age
6El Salvador2.128
7Costa Rica1.833

For Mexico see Population of North America


Source: World Population Prospects 2019

Central America Population 2023 | Central American Countries by Population