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Myanmar Population and religion percentage

Myanmar or Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. It’s the largest country in Mainland Southeast Asia and the 10th largest country in Asia by area. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Myanmar in 2024 is 54,964,694 (55 million or 5.5 crores)

read about list of countries in Asia by population 

Myanmar location on Map

Table of Contents

Myanmar Demographics
Myanmar 2024 Population
Total Population54,964,694
Global Rank27th
Share of World Pop.0.7%
Land Area 653,508 sq. km (252,321 sq. mi)
Area Rank39
Pop. Density84 people/sq. km
Growth rate0.73%
Fertility Rate* in Myanmar 2.17
Infant mortality rate** in Myanmar 33.4
Median Age in Myanmar  29 years
Life Expectancy in Myanmar 67.78 years
Urban Population of Myanmar 31.4%

Religion in Myanmar

Buddhism is the majority religion in Myanmar and Theravāda Buddhism is the most widespread. According to the 2014 Myanmar Census, 87.9% of the population identifies as Buddhists. Most Bamar, Shan, Mon, Rakhine, Karen, and many ethnic groups of Myanmar follow Theravada Buddhism. Some Chinese people follow Mahayana Buddhism. Burmese folk religion is practiced by many Bamars alongside Buddhism.

Chrisanity in Myanmar

Chrisanity is the second largest religion in Myanmar and 6.2% of the population identifies as Christian. Christianity is the majority religion in Chin State, and there’s a significant Christian population in Kachin State and Kayah State. Most Chin, Kachin, and Karenni people follow Christianity.

Islam in Myanmar

Islam is a minority religion in Myanmar, practiced by about 2.1% of the population. Muslims are spread across the country in small communities. The British Indian-descended Muslims live mainly in Yangon.  Rohingyas, a minority Muslim ethnic group in northern Rakhine State, Western Burma. The Rohingya population is mostly concentrated in five northern townships of Rakhine State: Maungdaw, Buthidaung, Rathedaung, Akyab, Sandway, Tongo, Shokepro, Rashong Island and Kyauktaw. The Muslim population faces religious persecution in Myanmar. Since independence, successive governments (both democratic and military) did not grant citizenship to the Muslim Rohingya of Northern Rakhine (Arakan) and forbid missionary activities. 

Hinduism in Myanmar

Although Hinduism is practiced by 0.5% of the population, it was a major religion in Myanmar’s past. Several strains of Hinduism existed alongside both Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. 0.8% as followers of tribal religions; 0.2% as followers of other religions; and 0.1% follow no religion.

Religion percentage in Myanmar 

Buddhism 87.90%
Christianity 6.20%
Islam 2.10%
Hinduism 0.50%
Tribal religions 0.80%
Other 0.20%
No religion 0.10%

Source: Census 2014

Top Cities in Myanmar by Population

Source: Census 2015

Indian Population in Myanmar

Burmese Indians make around 3-5% of the Myanmar population & approx population of Indians in Myanmar as of 2021 is 20 Lakhs. Some of the Cities where Indians are in large numbers are Yangon (Rangoon), Mandalay, Pyin U Lwin, and Kalaw

Read more about  Indian Population in Myanmar 


Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects 

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Myanmar 2024 | Religion in Myanmar