Indian States by Oilseeds Production 2022

Top Indian states by Oilseeds Production

India is the fourth largest oilseed producing country in the world, next only to USA, China and Brazil. Indian share in world production of oilseeds has been around 10 percent.  It has 20.8% of the total area under cultivation globally, accounting for 10% of global production. The country produces Groundnut, Soybean, Sunflower, Sesamum, Niger seed, Mustard and Safflower oilseeds.

India Oilseed Production increased from 94 million tons in FY 1980 to 376 million tons in FY 2021-22. Oilseeds yield per hectare in 2021-22 is 1224 kg/hectare.

 

Oilseeds Growing Regions

India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world. Different oil seeds are grown covering approximately 12 per cent of the total cropped area of the country. Main oil-seeds produced in India are groundnut, mustard, coconut, sesamum (til), soyabean, castor seeds, cotton seeds, linseed and sunflower.

Linseed and mustard (Sarson) are rabi crops. Sesamum is a kharif crop in north and rabi crop in south India. Castor seed is grown both as rabi and kharif crop. Groundnut is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country.

Among the seeds, soybean (34%), groundnut (27%), rapeseed & mustard (27%) contributes to more than 88% of total oilseeds production and >80% of vegetable oil with major share of mustard (35%), soybean (23%) and groundnut (25%).

Andhra Pradesh (groundnut) & Gujarat (groundnut), Haryana (Mustard), Karnataka (Ground nut), Madhya Pradesh (Soybean), Maharashtra (Soybean), Rajasthan (Mustard & Soybean), Tamil Nadu (Ground nut), Uttar Pradesh (Mustard), West Bengal (Mustard) contributing more than 95% of total oilseed production in the country. 

Sourcerbi statistics 

Statewise Oilseed Production

Rajasthan is the largest Oilseed producing state in India closely followed by Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Other leading proucers are Maharashtra, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal and
Andhra Pradesh.

Top Four states i.e. Rajasthan (21%), Gujarat (20%), Madhya Pradesh (19%) and Maharashtra (16%)  accounts for three quarters (75%) of India Oilseed Production.

The state with Largest area under Oilseed cultivation is  Madhya Pradesh (7470 thousand hectares), Rajasthan (5422 thousand ha),Maharashtra (4526 thousand ha), Gujarat ( 2867 thousand ha) and Uttar Pradesh  ( 1262 thousand ha)

Rajasthan is in first place in term of rapeseed production while Gujarat in term of castor production.  Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnuts in the country followed by Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Let’s have a look at the States by Area under Oilseed Cultivation and Production

#State/Union TerritoryArea under Cultivation   (Thousand Hectares)Oilseed Production 2021-22
(Thousand tonnes)
1Rajasthan5422.76769.2
2Gujarat2867.76653.3
3Madhya Pradesh74706451.7
4Maharashtra4526.25177
5Haryana6591175.2
6Uttar Pradesh1262.31146.2
7Tamil Nadu409.31075
8Karnataka10141039.7
9West Bengal9581015.7
10Andhra Pradesh755901.2
11Telangana339639.2
12Jharkhand368.1288.5
13Assam310.8192.4
14Chhattisgarh221159
15Bihar113.2124.7
16Odisha137.299.5
17Nagaland67.470.8
18Punjab39.758.4
19Jammu and Kashmir49.342.3
20Arunachal Pradesh35.737.1
21Manipur32.427.4
22Uttarakhand26.525.1
23Meghalaya14.315.1
24Tripura17.214.4
25Himachal Pradesh10.46.4
26Sikkim6.15.6
27NCT of Delhi3.64.5
28Mizoram2.52.8
29Puducherry0.50.9
30Goa0.20.4
31Kerala0.30.2
 ALL INDIA27139.333219.2

Source:  RBI Statistic 

Statewise Soybean Production

Madhya Pradesh is the largest Soybean producing state in India closely followed by Maharashtra. Other leading producers are Rajasthan, Karnataka, Telangana and Gujarat.

Let’s have a look at the States by Soybean Production

Sr No.StateSoybean Production 
(Thousand Hectares)
Share (%)
1Madhya Pradesh4,887.0743.53
2Maharashtra4,825.0942.98
3Rajasthan524.614.67
4Karnataka378.563.37
5Telangana310.982.77
6Gujarat132.621.18
7Chattisgarh79.890.71
8Nagaland31.760.28
9Bihar14.780.13
10Uttar Pradesh11.290.1
11Uttarakhand8.890.08
12Arunachal Pradesh4.450.04
13Manipur3.630.03
14Meghalaya3.560.03
15Sikkim2.860.03
16Mizoram1.750.02
17Andhra Pradesh1.750.02
18Jharkhand1.020.01
19Himachal Pradesh0.950.01
20West Bengal0.190
21Tripura0.160

Source:  Ministry of Agriculture

Statewise Mustard and Rapeseed Production

Rajasthan is the largest Rapeseed and Mustard producing state in India followed by Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. Other leading producers are Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Jharkhand.

Let’s have a look at the States by Rapeseed and Mustard Production

Sr No.StateRapeseed and Mustard 
 
(Thousand Hectares)
Share(%)
1Rajasthan4,202.3946.06
2Haryana1,149.8512.6
3Madhya Pradesh1,038.1511.38
4Uttar Pradesh956.7210.49
5West Bengal712.347.81
6Gujarat333.53.66
7Jharkhand231.42.54
8Assam177.351.94
9Bihar89.310.98
10Punjab45.940.5
11Jammu & Kashmir40.730.45
12Arunachal Pradesh28.80.32
13Nagaland27.820.3
14Manipur21.460.24
15Chattisgarh16.240.18
16Uttarakhand14.510.16
17Meghalaya9.240.1
18Tripura6.670.07
19Himachal Pradesh4.90.05
20Delhi4.520.05
21Maharashtra3.890.04
22Sikkim2.750.03
23Orissa2.040.02
24Telangana1.710.02
25Andhra Pradesh0.970.01
26Mizoram0.410
27Tamil Nadu0.030
28Dadra & Nagar Haveli00

Source:  Ministry of Agriculture

Statewise Ground Nut Production

Gujarat is the largest Ground nut producing state in India followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Other leading producers are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Mahrashtra, Telamgana and West bengal.

Let’s have a look at the States by Ground Nut Production

Sr No.StateGroundnut Production (Thousand Hectares)Share(%)
1Gujarat4,645.5246.68
2Rajasthan1,619.3316.27
3Tamil Nadu1,033.0010.38
4Andhra Pradesh848.798.53
5Karnataka502.815.05
6Madhya Pradesh350.663.52
7Maharashtra308.993.11
8Telangana265.372.67
9West Bengal156.11.57
10Uttar Pradesh88.550.89
11Orissa43.290.44
12Chattisgarh41.820.42
13Jharkhand28.780.29
14Punjab3.560.04
15Haryana3.360.03
16Tripura3.360.03
17Manipur2.350.02
18Nagaland2.150.02
19Uttarakhand1.090.01
20Arunachal Pradesh0.910.01
21Bihar0.860.01
22Goa0.430
23Kerala0.150
24Pondicherry0.060
25Himachal Pradesh0.050

Source:  Ministry of Agriculture

Statewise Sunflower Production

Karnataka is the largest Sunflower producing state in India followed by Orissa and Haryana . Other leading producers are Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

Let’s have a look at the States by Sunflower Production

Sr No.StateSunflower (Thousand Hectares)Share(%)
1Karnataka103.448.65
2Orissa20.969.86
3Haryana16.87.9
4Maharashtra12.125.7
5Bihar11.485.4
6West Bengal9.584.51
7Telangana8.924.2
8Andhra Pradesh8.483.99
9Punjab7.993.76
10Uttar Pradesh5.532.6
11Tamil Nadu3.831.8
12Nagaland1.770.83
13Gujarat0.910.43
14Arunachal Pradesh0.470.22
15Jharkhand0.30.14

Source: National Horticulture Board 

India Import of oilseeds and vegetable oil

India is heavily dependent on imports to meet its edible oil requirements and largest importer of vegetable oils in the world (15% share) followed by China & USA. Of imported edible oils , share of palm oil is about 60%  followed by soybean oil with a share of 25% and sunflower (12%).

Import growth in respect of edible oils during the last decades is about 174%.The import figure of edible oils during 2015-16 reveals that India imported a total of 15.88 million tonnes of oilseed and vegetable oil products worth Rs. 69331.96 crore .