Milk Production in India 2023

As there was Saying, In Olden times India main Doodh aur Ghee ki Nadiya behti thi.. It’s true in today’s sense also.  Today, India is the largest producer of milk in the world, contributing 23% of global milk. production.

During the 1950s and 1960s, the situation was radically different. India was a milk-deficit nation dependent on imports, and the annual production growth was negative for several years. In 1950-51, per capita milk consumption in the country was only 124 grams per day.  Milk production in 1950-51 stood at merely 17 Million Tonnes (MT). In 1968-69, prior to the launch of Operation Flood, milk production was only 21.2 MT which increased to 30.4 MT by 1979-80 and 51.4 MT by 1989-90. Now it has increased to 210 million tonnes in 2020-21. 

Today, milk production is growing at the rate of two percent in the whole world, whereas in India, its growth rate is more than six percent. The per capita availability of milk in India is much higher than the world average. In three decades (the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s), the daily milk consumption in the country rose from a low of 107 grams per person in 1970 to 427 grams per person in 2020-21 as against the world average of 322 grams per day during 2021.

Source: Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying

Statewise Milk Production in India

All India’s Milk production in 2020-21 is 209,960 thousand Tonnes. The state with the Largest Milk production is Uttar Pradesh (31359 thousand tonnes). Next comes Rajasthan (6551 thousand tonnes), Madhya Pradesh (3521 thousand tonnes), Gujarat (3118 thousand tonnes), and Andhra Pradesh (14714 thousand tonnes)

Let’s have a look at the States by Milk  Production

#State/Union TerritoryProduction 2020-21 (Thousand Tonnes)
1Uttar Pradesh31,359
2Rajasthan30,723
3Madhya Pradesh17,999
4Gujarat15,853
5Andhra Pradesh14,714
6Maharashtra13,703
7Punjab13,394
8Bihar11,502
9Haryana11,284
10Karnataka10,936
11Tamil Nadu9,790
12West Bengal6,165
13Telangana5,765
14Jammu & Kashmir2,595
15Kerala2,534
16Jharkhand2,434
17Odisha2,373
18Uttarakhand1,797
19Chhattisgarh1,747
20Himachal Pradesh1,576
21Assam954
22Delhi280
23Tripura206
24Meghalaya89
25Sikkim74
26Manipur71
27Goa60
28Nagaland56
29Chandigarh52
30Puducherry50
31Arunachal Pradesh44
32Mizoram25
33Andaman & Nicobar Islands15
34Lakshadweep4
35Dadra & Nagar Haveli
 ALL INDIA209,960

Source: Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India.

Indian States by Milk production | Milk production in India