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Ghana Population 2023

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It is the second-most populous country in West Africa, after Nigeria. As per the United Nations World Population Prospects report, the population of Ghana in 2022 is 33,475,871 (33.4 million or 3.34 Crores)

Estimated Population of Ghana in 2023:  34 million or 3.4 Crore

read about Top Countries in Africa by population

Table of Contents

Ghana Demographics
Ghana2020 Population
Total Population33,475,871
Global Rank47
Land Area 227,533 sq. km (87,851 sq. mi)
Area Rank80
Pop. Density124 people/sq. km
Growth rate1.89%
Fertility Rate* of Ghana3.89
Infant mortality rate ** in Ghana30.8
Median Age in Ghana 21.5 Years
Life Expectancy in Ghana64.94 years
Urban Population of Ghana56.70%

Source: World Population Prospects 

Religion in Ghana

Christianity is the largest religion in Ghana, followed by 71.2% of the population.  As per the Census reports, the largest denominations by adherents in 2021 are Protestant Churches with 46.7% of the population following its various branches. Next comes the Catholics with 13.1% of the population and other Christians with 11.4%.

Islam is the second largest religion, followed by 17.6%  of the population. Half of the Muslims in Ghana are followers of Sunni Islam, while approximately 16% belong to the Ahmadiyya movement and around 8% identify with Shia Islam, while the remainder is non-denominational Muslims.

Traditional faiths account for 6.2%, and the remaining 4.1% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.” 

Religion percentage in Ghana

Religion / AffiliationsPercentage
Christianity  71.2% 
-Protestantism  – 46.7%
-Catholicism – 13.10%
-Other Christian – 11.40%
Other Religions 
Islam – 17.60%
Traditional faiths  – 6.2% 
No religion  – 4.1% 
Other  – 0.9%

Source: Census 2021

Top Cities in Ghana by Population

#Metropolitan AreaStatePopulation
1AccraGreater Accra22,91,352
3TamaleNorthern region5,62,919
4Sekondi-TakoradiWestern region4,45,205
6Cape CoastCentral region2,27,269
8TeshieGreater Accra1,76,597
9TemaGreater Accra1,61,612
10KoforiduaEastern region1,30,810

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Ghana 2024 | Religion in Ghana