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Turkey Population and religion percentage

Turkey is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It’s one of the most populated countries in western Asia and the world’s 17th most populated country. It shares borders with the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest.

According to the Address-Based Population Recording System of Turkey, the country’s population was 85,279,553 in 2022, As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Turkey in 2024 is 86,260,416 (86 million or 8.6 Crore)

Source: World Population Prospects 2019

also read about Top countries in Asia by population

Turkey2022 Population
Total Population85,279,553 (85 million)
Global Rank18th 
Share of World Pop.1.08%
Land Area 769,632 sq. km
(297,157 sq. mi)
Area Rank36
Pop. Density110 person/sq. km
Fertility Rate* in Turkey2.10
Infant mortality rate** in Turkey7.3
Median Age in Turkey 31.5  years
Life Expectancy in Turkey 78.45  years
Urban Population of Turkey75.7 

Source: UN World Population Prospects report

Religion in Turkey

Turkey is a secular state with no official state religion; the Turkish Constitution provides for freedom of religion and conscience. Islam is the majority religion in Turkey, adhered to by 89% of the total population; religiously unaffiliated people comprised 10% of the population, while 1% were Christians and other minority religions.

Religion Percentage in Turkey 

ReligionPercent%
Islam 89%
Christianity and Other Religions1%
Unaffiliated / Irreligion 
Deism4.5%
Agnosticism 2.7%
Atheism1.7%
Unanswered 1.7%

Source: 2019 estimates

Islam in Turkey

Islam is the predominant religion in Turkey, with about 90% of Muslims belonging to the Sunni branch of Islam and predominantly following the Hanafi fiqh. The Shia sects make up about 10% of the population, with most of them being adherents of the Alevi faith, which is considered by most of its followers to be a form of Shia Islam. However, a minority considers it to have different origins. The Bektashi community is a small Sufi order of Islam that is closely related to Alevism and is indigenous to Turkey, but it also has many followers in the Balkan peninsula. Other sects such as Alawite, observed by some ethnic Arabs in southern provinces, and Jafari, the traditional sect of ethnic Azerbaijanis, also have significant populations in Turkey.

Top Cities in Turkey by Population
#City Province Population
1IstanbulIstanbul1,40,25,646
2AnkaraAnkara45,87,558
3IzmirIzmir28,47,691
4BursaBursa18,54,285
5AdanaAdana15,63,545
6GaziantepGaziantep14,95,050
7KonyaKonya10,03,373
8AntalyaAntalya9,55,573
9KayseriKayseri9,11,984
10MersinMersin8,42,230
11EskisehirEskisehir6,17,215
12DiyarbakirDiyarbakir6,14,310
13SamsunSamsun5,11,601
14DenizliDenizli4,92,815
15SanliurfaSanliurfa4,65,748
16AdapazariSakarya3,99,022
17MalatyaMalatya3,88,590
18KahramanmarasKahramanmaras3,84,953
19ErzurumErzurum3,58,344
20VanVan3,52,292
21BatmanBatman3,13,355
22ElâzigElâzig3,05,787
23IzmitKocaeli2,93,339
24ManisaManisa2,91,374
25SivasSivas2,82,984
26GebzeKocaeli2,82,444
27BalikesirBalikesir2,59,157
28TarsusMersin2,27,021
29KütahyaKütahya2,12,444
30TrabzonTrabzon2,11,027
31ÇorumÇorum2,10,822
32ÇorluTekirdag2,10,362

Source: Census 2015

Population of Turkey 2024 | Religion in Turkey