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Madagascar Population 2023

Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometers (250 miles) off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel.

It’s the world’s second-largest island country. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the population of Madagascar in 2022 is 29,611,714 ( 29.6 million or 2.96 Crore)

Estimated Population of Madagascar  in 2023: 30 million or 3 Crore

read about Top countries in Africa by population

Madagascar2022 Population
Total Population29,611,714
Global Rank51
Land Area 581,540 sq. km (224,530 sq. mi)
Area Rank46
Pop. Density48 people/sq. km
Growth Rate2.35%
Fertility Rate* of Madagascar4.11
Infant mortality rate ** in Madagascar23.0
Median Age  19.6 Years
Life Expectancy 68.21 years
Urban Population 38.50%

Source: World Population Prospects 2019

Religion in Madagascar

Christianity is the main religion in Madagascar, followed by 85.3% of the people. Among Christians, Protestantism has the most adherents followed by Roman Catholicism.  Approximately 25% of the population is Protestant. The Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar, a Reformed Protestant church with 2.5 million adherents, is the most important religious association in Madagascar. About 20% of the population is Catholic. 

Folk religions or Traditional religion accounts for 4.5% of the people. Many Christians integrate and combine their religious beliefs with traditional ones related to honoring their ancestors.

Islam accounts for 3%, and the remaining 6.9 are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”

Religion Percentage in Madagascar

Christian 85%
Folk religions 5%
Islam 3%
Unaffiliated 7%

Source: Pew Research Center in 2020

Top Cities in Madagascar by Population

5FianarantsoaHaute Matsiatra1,89,879

Source: 2018 Census

*Fertility rate, the average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Madagascar 2024 | Religion in Madagascar