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Iran Population and religion percentage

Iran officially the Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in Western Asia. It is the second-largest country by area in the Middle East and the 17th Most populous country in the World. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Iran in 2024 is 89,809,781 (89 million or 8.9 Crores)

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Iran2022 Population
Total Population88,550,570 (88 million)
Global Rank18th 
Share of World Pop.1.08%
Land Area 1,531,595 sq. km (591,352 sq. mi)
Area Rank17th
Pop. Density58 person per sq. km
 Growth rate 0.70%
Fertility Rate*2.15
Infant mortality rate** 10.7
Median Age  31 years
Life Expectancy  77.33 years
Urban Population i75.5%

Religion in Iran

Islam is the majority religion in Iran and  Twelver Shia Islam is the official state religion, to which about 90% of the population adhere. About 4% to 8% of the population are Sunni Muslims, mainly Kurds and Balochs.

The remaining 2% are non-Muslim religious minorities, including Christians, Zoroastrians, Jews, Baháʼís, Mandaeans, and Yarsanis. 

Around 250,000 to 370,000 Christians reside in Iran, and Christianity is the country’s largest recognized minority religion. Most are of Armenian background, as well as a sizable minority of Assyrians. A large number of Iranians have converted to Christianity from the predominant Shia Islam.

Judaism has a long history in Iran, dating back to the Achaemenid conquest of Babylonia. Although many left in the wake of the establishment of the State of Israel and the 1979 Revolution, about 8,756  to 25,000 Jewish people live in Iran. Iran has the largest Jewish population in the Middle East outside of Israel.

Baháʼís are the largest non-Muslim religious minority in Iran, with an estimated 350,000 adherents. There is a large population of adherents of Yarsanism, a Kurdish indigenous religion, making it the largest (unrecognized) minority religion in Iran. Its followers are mainly Gorani Kurds and certain groups of Lurs. They are based in Kurdistan Province, Kermanshah Province, and Lorestan.

Religion Percentage in Iran

Religion / AffiliationnsPercentage
Islam 99.40%
– Shia Islam – 89.46%
– Sunni Islam– 9.94%
Christianity  0.4% 
Zoroastrianism 0.03% 
Judaism0.02% 
Others0.15% 

Ethnic composition in Iran

Iran’s population is composed of several ethnic groups. The Iranic people make up the majority, comprising approximately 67 to 80% of the population. The largest groups in this category are the Persians, who make up the majority of the Iranian population, and the Kurds. Other groups in this category include the Gilakis, Mazandaranis, Lurs, Tats, Talysh, and Baloch.

Turkic peoples make up a significant minority of about 7 to 24%, with the largest group being the Azerbaijani. They are the second largest ethnic group in Iran, and other Turkic groups include the Turkmen, Qashqai, and Kazakh peoples. Arabs account for about 2 to 3% of the Iranian population, while the remaining 1% comprises various smaller groups such as Assyrians, Armenians, Georgians, Circassians, and Mandaeans.

Ethnic GroupPercentage Range
Iranic Peoples67–80%
– Persians65%
– Kurds 7%
– Lurs/Tats/Talysh 6%
– Baloch 2%
Turkic Peoples7–24%
– Azerbaijani16%
– Turkmen 1%
– Qashqai 1%
– Kazakh <1
Arabs2–3%
Minor GroupsAbout 1%
Top Cities in Iran by Population
#CityProvincePopultion
1TehranTehran91,35,000
2MashhadRazavi Khorasan32,08,000
3IsfahanIsfahan21,32,000
4KarajAlborz15,92,492
5ShirazFars15,65,572
6TabrizEast Azerbaijan15,58,693
7QomQom12,88,000
8AhvazKhuzestan12,44,000
9KermanshahKermanshah10,26,000
10UrmiaWest Azerbaijan7,93,000
11RashtGilan7,13,000
12ZahedanSistan and Baluchestan6,10,000
13HamadanHamadan5,54,405
14KermanKerman5,37,718
15YazdYazd5,29,673
16ArdabilArdabil5,29,374
17Bandar AbbasHormozgan5,26,648
18ArakMarkazi5,20,944
19EslamshahrTehran4,48,129
20ZanjanZanjan4,30,871
21SanandajKurdistan4,12,767
22QazvinQazvin4,02,748
23KhorramabadLorestan3,73,416
24GorganGolestan3,50,676
25SariMazandaran3,09,820
26ShahriarTehran3,09,607
27QodsTehran3,09,605
28KashanIsfahan3,04,487
29MalardTehran2,81,027
30DezfulKhuzestan2,64,709
31NishapurRazavi Khorasan2,64,375
32BabolMazandaran2,50,217
33Khomeyni ShahrIsfahan2,47,128
34SabzevarRazavi Khorasan2,43,700
35GolestanTehran2,39,556
36AmolMazandaran2,37,528
37PakdashtTehran2,36,319
38NajafabadIsfahan2,35,281
39BorujerdLorestan2,34,997
40AbadanKhuzestan2,31,476
41QarchakTehran2,31,075
42BojnordNorth Khorasan2,28,931
43VaraminTehran2,25,628
44BushehrBushehr2,23,504
45SavehMarkazi2,20,762
46Qaem ShahrMazandaran2,04,953
47BirjandSouth Khorasan2,03,636
48NasimshahrTehran2,00,393
49SirjanKerman1,99,704
50KhoyWest Azerbaijan1,98,845
51IlamIlam1,94,030

Source: 2016 Census

Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects 2019 & census estimates

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Iran 2024 | Religion in Iran