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China Population and Religion Percentage

China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. China is the most populous country in the world, with more than 1 billion people, representing 19 percent of the world’s population. As per the UN World Population Prospects report,  the estimated population of China in 2024 is 1,425,178,782 (1.42 Billion)

Population of China in 2024: 142 Crore or 1.42 billion

China has a population growth rate during 2020-2021 of 0.39%. Its population is equivalent to 18.47% of the total world population. The total land area of China is 9,326,410 sq. km (3,600,950 sq. mi ) and the population density of China is 153 person/sq. km.

China2024 Population
Total Population1,425,178,782  (1.42 Billion)
Global Rank1
Share of World Pop.18.47%
Land Area 9,326,410 sq. km (3,600,950 sq. mi)
Area Rank2nd*


Capital City

153 person/km2


By total Area: (Land + Water) China stands at 4th number behind Canada & US

Religion in China

The People’s Republic of China recognizes five religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam. In the early 21st century, there has been increasing official recognition of Confucianism and Chinese folk religion as part of China’s cultural inheritance.

As per various surveys and estimates, 73.56% of the Chinese population follows Chinese folk religions including (Taoism, and Confucianism or Irreligious). Next comes Buddhism, 15.87% of the Chinese declare to be Buddhists. 7.60% to belongs Taoists, unspecified religions, and other sects. 

Christianity is the third largest religion in Cina and is followed by around 3% of the population. Protestantism is more widespread and 2.19% of the population is its adherent. Catholicism is at 0.34% and a small number of people follow Orthodox Christianity.

Muslims are found in every province of China, but they constitute a majority only in Xinjiang, and a large amount of the population in Ningxia and Qinghai. Only 1.45%  of the Chinese people follow Islam. Some surveys estimate it to be 2-3% of the population.

Chinese folk religion or Irreligion 73.56%
Taoism, folk sects, and others7.60%

Source: The government of the People’s Republic of China officially espouses state atheism and clear data on religious affiliation in China is difficult to gather due to varying definitions of “religion” and the unorganized, diffusive nature of Chinese religious traditions. So all data available is as per estimates and sample surveys.

China Province wise religion percentage

Religions in each province, major city, and autonomous region of China

Province Chinese FolkBuddhismChristianityIslam
Fujian 31.31%40.40%3.97%0.32%
Zhejiang 23.02%23.99%3.89%<0.2%
Guangxi 40.48%10.23%0.15%<0.2%
Guangdong 43.71%5.18%0.68%<0.2%
Yunnan 32.22%13.06%0.68%1.52%
Guizhou 31.18%1.86%0.49%0.48%
Jiangsu 16.67%14.17%2.67%<0.2%
Jiangxi 24.05%7.96%0.66%<0.2%
Shandong 25.28%2.90%1.54%0.55%
Hunan 20.19%2.44%0.49%<0.2%
Shanxi 15.61%3.65%1.55%<0.2%
Henan 7.94%5.52%4.95%1.05%
Jilin 7.73%8.23%3.26%<0.2%
Anhui 4.64%7.83%4.32%0.58%
Gansu 3.51%5.80%0.28%7.00%
Heilongjiang 7.73%4.39%3.63%0.35%
Shaanxi 7.58%6.35%1.66%0.40%
Liaoning 7.73%5.31%2.00%0.64%
Sichuan 10.60%2.06%0.30%<0.2%
Hubei 6.50%2.09%1.71%<0.2%
Hebei 5.52%1.59%1.13%0.82%
Hainan – – 0.48%<0.2%
Beijing – 11.20%0.78%1.76%
Chongqing 26.63%0.85%0.28%<0.2%
Shanghai – 10.30%1.88%0.36%
Tianjin – – 0.43%<0.2%
Tibet 19.40%~80%0.10%0.40%
Xinjiang – – 1.00%58%
Ningxia – – 1.17%34%
Qinghai – – 0.76%17.51%
Inner Mongolia 2.36%12.10%2.00%0.91%
China 16%15%2.50%2%

Source: Wikipedia & latest data estimates

Population of China 2024 | Religion in China