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Azerbaijan Population and religion percentage

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region. 

As per the United Nations World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Azerbaijan in 2023 is 10,462,904 (1o million or 1 Crore)

Azerbaijan2024 Population
Total Population10,462,904 (10 million)
Growth Rate0.52%
Land Area 86,100 sq. km (33,200 sq. mi)
Area Rank112
Pop. Density123 people/sq. km
Capital City Baku
Fertility Rate* 2.08
Infant mortality rate ** 18.8
Median Age  32.3 Years
Life Expectancy 73.33 years
Urban Population 56.2 %

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Source: UN World Population Prospects report

Religion in Azerbaijan

Islam is The majority religion in Azerbaijan and it is practiced by 96.8% of the population. Most are adherents of Shia Islam (55-65%), with a minority (35-45%) being Sunni.

Christianity is the second largest religion followed by the estimated 280,000 or (3.1%) of the population and is mostly Russian Georgian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic. Other Christian denominations include Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Baptists, Molokans, and a small Protestant community.

Azerbaijan also has an ancient Jewish population with a 2,000-year history and estimated that 12,000 Jews reside in Azerbaijan.

Religion percentage in Azerbaijan

  • Islam – 96.8%
    – Shia (60%)
    – Sunnia ( 35%)
  • Christianity – 3.0%
  • Other <0.1%
  • Unaffiliated <0.1%

Source: census estimates

Ethnic Composition

Azerbaijanis are a Turkic ethnic group who are the majority in Azerbaijan, constituting 90% of the population. The main minority groups are Lezgins, Russians, Armenians, Talyshs, Turks, etc.

Ethnic Percentage

  • Azerbaijanis – 91.6%
  • Lezgins – 2.02%
  • Russians – 1.35%
  • Armenians – 1.35%
  • Talyshs – 1.26%
  • Avars – 0.56%
  • Turks – 0.43%
  • Tatars – 0.29%
  • Tats – 0.28%
  • Ukrainians – 0.24%
  • Tsakhurs – 0.14%
  • Udis – 0.04%
  • Georgians – 0.11%
  • Jews – 0.1%
  • Kurds – 0.07%
  • Others – 0.16%
Top Cities in Azerbaijan by Population
#CityRegionPopulation
1BakuAbsheron21,50,800
2SumgaitAbsheron3,25,200
3GanjaGanja-Qazakh3,23,000
4MingachevirAran99,700
5LankaranLankaran85,300
6ShirvanAran80,900
7NakhchivanNakhchivan78,300
8ShamkirGanja-Qazakh69,600
9ShakiShaki-Zaqatala66,400
10YevlakhAran66,300
Population of Azerbaijan 2024 | Religion in Azerbaijan