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Ethiopia Population 2023

Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It’s the 12th-most populous country in the world and the 2nd-most populous in Africa. As per the UN World Population Prospects, the population of Ethiopia in 2023 is 126,527,060 (12.6 crore or 126 million)

Source: World Population Prospects 2022

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Ethiopia has a population growth rate of 2.49% during 2022-2023. Its population is equivalent to 1.47% of the total world population. The total Land Area of Ethiopia is 1,104,300 sq. km (426,400 sq. mi)  and the Population Density of Ethiopia is 112 per Km2 (289 people per mi2).

Ethiopia 2022 Population
Total Population 123,379,924 (123 million)
Global Rank 12th
Share of World Pop. 1.47%
Land Area  1,104,300 sq. km (426,400 sq. mi)
Area Rank 26th
Pop. Density 112 person/sq. km.
Capital City Addis Ababa
Fertility Rate* 4.30
Infant mortality rate** 29.5
Median Age  19.5 years
Life Expectancy 67.81 years
Urban Population 21.3%

Source: United Nation World  Populations Prospects 

*Fertility rate, the average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a religiously diverse society, with Christianity as the largest percentage and also a good number of Muslims. Nearly two-thirds (62.8%) of the Ethiopian population follows Christianity and 1/3rd (34% are followers of Islam. A small percentage of the population are adherents of traditional African religions and other religions.

Ethiopia Religion Percentage

Religion / AffilationsPercentage
Christianity  62.8% 
– Ethiopian Orthodoxy – 43.50%
– Protestants (P’ent’ay) – 18.60%
– Catholicism – 0.70%
Islam 33.90%
Traditional faiths 2.60%
Others / None0.70%

Christianity in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the oldest Christian states in the world and it has the third-largest Christian population in Africa.  The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is an Oriental Orthodox Church, which is the largest Christian denomination in Ethiopia, approx  43.5% of the Ethiopian population.  It’s followed by Protestants at 18.6% and Catholics at 0.7%.

Orthodox Ethiopian Christians are predominant in the Tigray (95.6%) and Amhara (82.5%), while the majority of Protestants live in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region or SNNPR (55.5% of the inhabitants) and the Oromia Region (4.8 million or 17.7%).

Muslims in Ethiopia

Ethiopia has the fifth largest Muslim population in Africa. Sunnis form the majority of Muslims with non-denominational Muslims being the second largest group of Muslims, and the Shia and Ahmadiyyas are a minority.

Roughly 68% of Ethiopian Muslims are Sunni, whilst 23% are non-denominational Muslims, whilst another 2% adhere to other sects such as Shia, Quranist, Ibadi etc. and some belonging to various Sufi orders.

 Islam is most prevalent in the Somali (98.4%), Afar (95.3%) and Oromia (47.5%) Regions.

Top Cities in Ethiopia by Population

#CityRegionPopulation
1Addis AbabaOromia3,352,000
2MekelleTigray441,991
3GondarAmhara500,788
4AdamaOromia338,940
5AwassaSidama318,618
6Bahir DarAmhara797,794
7Dire DawaOromia285,000
8SodoSNNPR253,322
9DessieAmhara610,431
10JimmaOromia186,148
11JijigaSomali164,321
12ShashamaneOromia154,587
13BishoftuOromia153,847
14Arba MinchSNNPR151,013
15HosaenaSNNPR141,352
16HararHarar133,000
17DillaSNNPR119,276
18NekemteOromia115,741
19Debre BirhanAmhara157,827
20AsellaOromia103,522
21Debre Mark’osAmhara153,263
22KombolchaAmhara196,968

Source: Central Statistics Agency 

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Population of Ethiopia 2024 | Religion in Ethiopia