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Uzbekistan Population and religion percentage

Uzbekistan officially the Republic of Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It’s the most populated country in Central Asia. As per Statistics Agency Uzbekistan, the population of Uzbekistan as of 1 October 2023 is 36,599,764 (36.5 million or 3.65 Crores)

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Uzbekistan location on Map

Uzbekistan Demographics
Uzbekistan2022 Population
Total Population34,627,652
Global Rank43
Share of World Pop.0.49%
Land Area 311,888 sq. km (120,421 sq. mi)
Area Rank56
Pop. Density79 people/sq. km
Capital CityTashkent
Fertility Rate* of Uzbekistan 2.43
infant mortality rate** in Uzbekistan 18.8
Median Age in Uzbekistan  27.8 Years
Life Expectancy in Uzbekistan 72.04 years
Urban Population of Uzbekistan 50.1%

Religion in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is a secular country and Islam is the majority religion. As per the estimates, Muslims constitute 96% of the population. There are more Sunni than Shia Muslims among the residents. According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report around 54% identify as non-denominational Muslim, 18% as Sunni, and 1% as Shia.  And around 11% say they belong to a Sufi order.

Christianity is the second-largest religion. 2.2% of the population follows Russian Orthodox Christianity, with 3% following other religions or identifying as non-religious.

An estimated 93,000 Jews lived in the country in the early 1990s. In addition, there are about 7,400 Zoroastrians left in Uzbekistan, mostly in Tajik areas like Khujand.

Religion percentage in  Uzbekistan

  • Islam – 96% 
  • Christians – 2.2% 
  • Other Religions – 1.4% 
  • Non-religious and others – 0.1% 

Source: various estimates

Ethnic composition

Uzbekistan Ethnic percentage as of 2021

  • Uzbeks – 84.5%
  • Tajiks – 4.8%
  • Kazakhs – 2.4%
  • Karakalpaks – 2.2%
  • Russians – 2.1%
  • Kyrgyz – 0.8%
  • Turkmen – 0.6%
  • Tatars 0.5% 
  • Korean – 0.5%
  • Ukrainians –  0.2%
  • Others – 1.2%

Source: 2021 Census estimates

Top Cities in Uzbekistan by Population
#CityProvincePopulation
1TashkentTashkent25,71,668
2NamanganNamangan Province5,97,000
3SamarkandSamarkand Province5,30,000
4AndijanAndijan Province4,17,000
5NukusKarakalpakstan3,10,000
6BukharaBukhara Province2,85,000
7QarshiQashqadaryo Province2,60,000
8FerganaFergana Province2,75,000
9KokandFergana Province2,40,000
10MargilanFergana Province2,23,000

Source: Census 2018

Population of Uzbekistan 2024 | Religion in Uzbekistan