History of Noida | Noida City Information
Noida stands for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority located in Gautam Buddh Nagar District of the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh. Its a planned city & managed by the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). Noida is a satellite city of Delhi and is part of the National Capital Region of India.
Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as “Noida Day”. It was set up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975–1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act, 1976.
The Noida History - How Noida came into existence
The history of the development of the present-day Noida town can be traced back to 1972 when the Government of Uttar Pradesh, taking note of the mounting pressure of speculative land dealings in this area, closely situated to Delhi and having backward characteristics of development, declared 50 villages of the erstwhile district of Bulandshahar as the “Yamuna-Hindon-Delhi Border Regulated area” under the provisions of U.P. Regulation of Building Operations Act, 1958.
The controlling Authority of the newly declared Regulated Area considered various aspects of the development of the Regulated Area but could not do much for the establishment of a new urban center. Finally, on April 17, 1976, the Government of Uttar Pradesh notified 36 villages of the “Yamuna-Hindon-Delhi Border Regulated Area” as New Okhla Industrial Development Area (NOIDA) to ensure planned development of the area for industrial and allied uses.
source: Noida Master Plan
Culture & Heritage - History of District Gautam Buddh Nagar
The District Gautam Buddh Nagar was formed on 6th September 1997 with effect from Govt. order no 1249/97/82/97 by carving out the portions of Ghaziabad and Bulandshahar. District Gautam Buddh Nagar includes Dadri and Bisrakh blocks carved out of Ghaziabad, while Dankaur and Jewar blocks have been carved out of Bulandshahar District. 18 other villages from Bulandshahar have also been carved out and have been included in Dankaur and Jewar.
Historically, Dankaur, Bisarkh, Rampur Jagir, and Nalgadha have many souvenirs from the cities. The ancient temples of Dronacharya at Dankaur and Ravana’s father at Bisarkha, Vishwashrava Rishi, still exist today. In Dwapar Yug (Mahabharat Kaal)- Dankore was the Dronacharya s Ashram, where Kaurav n Pandav took their training in Astra n Shastra. Eklavaya-the disciple of Dronacharya also hails from this place.
Ram Prasad, the famous revolutionary who was abducted from the Mainpuri plot in 1919, stayed underground for a while during the struggle for independence in Rampur Jagir village in Noida and translated books. In the city of Nalgarh on the Noida Greater Noida Highway, Bhagat Singh conducted several bomb tests while underground. Even today a huge stone is preserved.
Formerly under British rule, on September 11, 1803, the construction of the golf course complex of Noida, in memory of the decisive battle between the British Army and the Maratha army, the British architect F. was performed by Lisman, showing the memory of the British general Gerard Lake. The “Jeetgarh Pillar” is still visible from a distance.
Souces: Noida Master Plan & gbnagar.nic.in
Noida - The Modern City
As per provisional reports of Census of India, the population of Noida in 2011 was 632,272. Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh State, close to NCT of Delhi. Noida city administers an area is 203 sq. km & as per census India 2011, the density of Noida City for 2011 is 2463 people per sq. km.
Noida was ranked as the Best City in Uttar Pradesh and the Best City in Housing and Infrastructure. Roads in Noida are lined by trees and it is considered to be India’s greenest city with nearly 50% green cover, the highest of any city in India.
The city is a part of the Noida (Vidhan Sabha) constituency and Gautam Buddha Nagar (Lok Sabha) constituency. Mahesh Sharma is the Lok Sabha MP of Gautam Buddha Nagar, while Pankaj Singh is the present MLA of Noida.
The city has the highest per capita income in the whole National Capital Region. Noida is classified as a special economic zone (SEZ).