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Turkmenistan Population 2023

Turkmenistan, also known as Turkmenia, officially the Republic of Turkmenistan, is a country in Central Asia Turkmenistan is one of the most sparsely populated nations in Asia. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of  Turkmenistan in 2024 is 6,598,071 (6.6 million or 66 Lakh)

Turkmenistan 2024 Population
Total Population6,598,071
Growth Rate1.31%
Land Area 469,930 sq. km (181,440 sq. mi
Area Rank52
Pop. Density13 people/sq. km
Capital CityAshgabat
Fertility Rate* 2.79
Infant mortality rate ** 39.6
Median Age  26.9 Years
Life Expectancy 68.63 years
Urban Population 52.5 %

*Fertility rate, the average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Turkmenistan

Islam is The majority religion in Turkmenistan and its practiced by 93.7% of the population. Most are adherents of Sunni Islam, with a minority being Shia.

Christianity is the second largest religion followed by an estimated 6.1% of the population and is mostly Eastern Orthodox Church. Other religions are below 1% and include Hinduism and Baháʼí faith.

Religion Percentage in Turkmenistan

Religion Percentage
Islam 93.7%
Christianity 6.1%
Unknown0.2%

Turkmenistan Ethnic population

The majority of the population in Turkmenistan is made up of Turkmen people, who account for more than 85% of the country’s population. Uzbeks form the second largest group, representing 5.8% of the population, followed by Russians at 5.1%. Other groups with significant populations include Kazakhs, Azerbaijanis, and Tatars.

Ethnic Percentage

  • Turkmens – 85.6%
  • Uzbeks – 5.8%
  • Russians – 5.1%
  • Azerbaijanis -1.2%
  • Kazakhs -0.4%
  • Others – 3.1%

Source: Census estimates

Top Cities in Turkmenistan by Population
#CityPopulation
1Ashgabat9,47,221
2Türkmenabat2,79,765
3Daşoguz2,45,872
4Mary1,26,141
5Serdar93,692
6Baýramaly91,713
7Balkanabat90,149
8Tejen79,324
9Türkmenbaşy73,803
10Magdanly68,133
Population of Turkmenistan 2024 | Religion in Turkmenistan