Trinidad and Tobago Population

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean. It consists of the main islands of Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous much smaller islands. 

The total Land Area of Trinidad and Tobago is 5,128 sq. km (1,980 sq. mi) and the Population Density of Trinidad and Tobago is 273 per Km2 (707 people per mi2). According to the UN World Population Studies, the estimated population of Trinidad and Tobago in 2024 is 1,538,200 (1.54 million or 15.38 lakh)

Trinidad and Tobago on Map

Trinidad and Tobago2024 Population
Total Population1,538,200 (1.54 million)
Global Rank154
Land Area  5,128 sq. km (1,980 sq. mi)
Area Rank165
Pop. Density273 per Km2 (707 per mi2)
Fertility Rate* 1.73
Infant mortality rate ** 19.9
Median Age  36.2 Years
Life Expectancy 73.91 years
Urban Population 52.4%

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is a multi-religious nation. Christianity with 63.2 percent of the population is the largest group. Roman Catholics (21.6%) is the largest denomination followed by various Protestant churches 

The main protestants denominations are The Pentecostal/Evangelical (12.02%), Baptist (5.67%), Anglicans (5.67%), Seventh-day Adventists (4.09%), Presbyterians or Congregationalists (2.49%), Methodists (0.65%) and the Moravian Church (0.27%). Others include Jehovah’s Witnesses (1.47%)

Hinduism is the second largest religion and is followed by 20.4% of the population. Muslims make up 5.6% of the population. Other smaller faiths account for 8.6% and include Baháʼí Faith, Jews, and African traditional faiths. The remaining 2.2% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”

Religion percentage in Trinidad and Tobago

  • Christian – 63.2% 
  • Hindu – 20.4% 
  • Muslim – 5.6% 
  • Baháʼí – 1.2% 
  • Orisha-Shango (Yoruba) – 0.9% 
  • Rastafarian – 0.3% 
  • Other – 6.2 % 
  • None – 2.2% 

read about religion in the Caribbean

Ethnic Composition

Trinidad’s ethnic makeup is primarily composed of two groups, each roughly the same size. One group is made up of descendants of enslaved people who were brought in to work on cotton and sugar plantations in the late 18th century. The other group, Indo-Trinidadians or East Indians, are the descendants of laborers who immigrated from the Indian subcontinent after the abolition of slavery in the mid-19th century.

A slightly smaller third group consists of people of mixed ethnicity. The islands’ population has also been influenced by migrants from Spain, other European countries, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, and the Middle East.

OriginPercentage
Indian35.40%
African34.20%
Mixed15.30%
Dougla (Mixed African/Indian)7.70%
Unspecified6.20%
Other1.30%

 

Top Cities in Trinidad and Tobago by Population
#CityPopulation
1Chaguanas101,297
2San Fernando82,997
3Port of Spain81,142
4Arima65,623
5Couva48,858
6Point Fortin29,579
7Princes Town28,335
8Diego Martin25,370
9Sangre Grande20,630
10Morvant17,591
11Scarborough17,537
12Tunapuna16,626
13Gasparillo16,426
14San Juan15,752
15Siparia14,535
16Claxton Bay14,436
17Penal13,860
18Fyzabad13,099
19Valencia12,327
20Freeport11,850
Population and Religion in Trinidad and Tobago 2024