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Poland Population and Religion Percentage

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. According to the Central Statistics Office of Poland, the population of the Republic of Poland in 2021 is 38,179,800 (38 million) and as per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Poland in 2023 is 41,026,068 (41  million)

Estimated Population of Poland in 2023: 41 million or 4.1 crore

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Table of Contents

Poland Demographics
Poland2022 Population
Total Population39,857,146
Global Rank40
Share of World Pop.0.49%
Land Area 311,888 sq.km
(120,421 sq. mi)
Area Rank69
Pop. Density124 people/sq. km
Growth Rate 2.85%
Fertility Rate of Poland*1.42
Infant mortality rate in Poland**2.1
Median Age in Poland 41.7 Years
Life Expectancy in Poland79.27 years
Urban Population of Poland60.2%

Religion in Poland

Christianity is the majority religion in Poland and the largest grouping is the Roman Catholics. Poland is one of the most religious countries in Europe and 94.4% of the polish population identify themselves as Christians.

Among Christians, 91.9% of the population follows Catholicism and Roman Catholicism continues to be important in the lives of many Poles, and the Catholic Church in Poland enjoys social prestige and political influence. The rest of the population consists mainly of Eastern Orthodox (1%) Protestant churches (1%), Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Other Christians.

Non-Christian faiths account for 0.1%, and the remaining 5.5% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”

Other religions practiced in Poland, include Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and Buddhism.

Religion Percentage in Poland

Religious affiliation Percentage
Christianity 94.4%
– Roman Catholic Church 91.9%
– Orthodox Church 1%
– Protestant churches 1%
– Jehovah’s Witnesses 0.2%
– Greek Catholic Church 0.1%
– Other churches 0.2%
Unaffiliated/No religion 5.5%
Other Religions 0.1%

Source: Statistics Poland

Top Cities in Poland by Population
#CityProvincePopulation
1Warsaw Masovian17,93,579
2Kraków Lesser Poland7,80,981
3Łódź Łódź6,77,286
4Wrocław Lower Silesian6,43,782
5Poznań Greater Poland5,33,830
6Gdańsk  Pomeranian4,71,525
7Szczecin West Pomeranian4,00,990
8Bydgoszcz Kuyavian-Pomeranian3,46,739
9Lublin Lublin3,39,547
10Białystok Podlaskie2,97,585
11Katowice  Silesian2,91,774
12Gdynia Pomeranian2,45,867
13Częstochowa Silesian2,19,278
14Radom Masovian2,10,532
15Toruń Kuyavian-Pomeranian2,01,106
16Sosnowiec Silesian1,98,996
17Rzeszów Podkarpackie1,96,821
18Kielce Świętokrzyskie1,94,218
19Gliwice Silesian1,78,186
20Olsztyn Warmian-Masurian1,71,853

Source: UN World Population Prospects  and Central Statistics Office of Poland.

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Population of Poland 2024 | Religion in Poland