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Oman Population and religion percentage

Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman is a country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia and the oldest independent state in the Arab world. As per the National Center for Statistics and Information (NCSI), The population of the Sultanate of Oman in 2021 is  4,527,446 people. Omanis constituted 61.94 % of the total population, compared to 38.06 % expatriates population.

As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Oman in 2024 is 4,713,553 (4.7 million)

Oman Location on Map

Religion in Oman

Islam is both the official and majority religion in Oman. Its followed by  85.9% of the population with the majority practicing Sunni and Ibadi Islam.

Hinduism is the second largest religion in Oman and its followed by 5.5% of the population. Most of the Hindus in Oman are Indian Expats and people of Indian origin working in India. Other religions represented in the country including Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, and Sikhism are practiced by non-nationals.

Religion percentage in Oman 

Religion Percent
Sunni Islam 45.17%
Ibadi Islam 35.25%
Shia Islam 6.53%
Hinduism 5.46%
Christianity 3.63%
others 3.03%
Buddhism 0.78%
Unaffiliated 0.15%
Oman Demographics
Oman2022 Population
Total Population4,644,384
Growth Rate1.47%
Land Area 309,500 sq.km (119,500 sq. mi)
Pop. Density16 people/sq. km
Capital CityMuscat
Fertility Rate* 2.93
Infant mortality rate ** 6.1
Median Age 30.6 Years
Life Expectancy78.58 years
Urban Population 87%

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Top Cities in Oman by Population

The Governorate of Muscat was home to the largest number of residents at 29 percent, and its population was 1,311,686 people, including 758,309 expatriates or 57.8 percent.

The number of Omanis in North Al Batinah Governorate, which includes six wilayats (Suhar, Shinas, Liwa, Saham, Al Khaboura, and Al Suwaiq), the highest percentage among the governorates, was 563,662 Omanis, representing 20.1% of the total Omani population, followed by Muscat Governorate with 19.7 and 553,377 Omanis, followed by Al Dakhiliyah Governorate (375,288) or 13.38 percent of the total number of Omanis, and South Al Batinah Governorate came in fourth place with 361,473 Omanis.

Statistics from the National Center for Statistics and Information indicated that the population of Al Dakhiliyah Governorate increased during December of last year by 1.94 percent compared to November of the same year, reaching 488,659 people, including 375,288 Omanis, or 59 percent, and 113,371 expatriates, or 41 percent.

The population of South al Batinah Governorate increased by 2 percent and reached 475,763 people, including 361,473 Omanis, or 76 percent, while the number of expatriates reached 114,290.

Musandam Governorate was the least populous governorate in the Sultanate, with 49,830 people, including 34,867 Omanis and 14,963 expatriates.

Expatriates in the Al Wusta Governorate constituted about 51.8 percent of the total population of the governorate (52,967), as a result of the increase in economic activities. especially in the Wilayat of Duqm, where their number reached 27,416 expatriates, while the number of Omanis reached 25,551 Omanis in the four wilayats of the governorate (Hima, Duqm, Mahut and Al Jazir).

6As Suwayq107,143
Population of Oman 2024 | Religion in Oman
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