Malaysia Population and religion percentage
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia, separated by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo’s East Malaysia. The population of Malaysia according to the 2020 Census is 32,447,385. As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of Malaysia in 2023 is 34,671,896 (34.6 million or 3.46 Crores)
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Malayasia location on Map
|Total Population||34,671,896 (34 million)|
|Share of World Pop.||0.42%|
|Land Area||329,613 sq. km (127,264 sq. mi)|
|Pop. Density||99 people/sq. km|
|Capital City||Kuala Lumpur|
|Fertility Rate* of Malaysia||2.01|
|Infant mortality rate** in Malaysia||5.2|
|Median Age in Malaysia||30.3 Years|
|Life Expectancy in Malaysia||76.65 years|
|Urban Population of Malaysia||78.4 %|
Source: United Nation World Populations Prospects
Religion in Malaysia
Malaysian constitution grants freedom of religion and it’s a secular state, and Islam is the “religion of the Federation”. According to Census 2020, Approximately 63.5% of the population follows Islam. Sunni Islam of the Shafi’i school of jurisprudence is the dominant branch of Islam in Malaysia, while 18% are nondenominational Muslims.
Buddhism is the second largest religion and is followed by 18.7% of the population. 83.6% of the Chinese population identify as Buddhist, with significant numbers of adherents following Taoism (3.4%) and Christianity (11.1%), along with small Muslim populations in areas like Penang.
Among Other religions 9.1% follows Christianity, 6.1% Hinduism and 1.3% practice Confucianism, Taoism, and other traditional Chinese religions. and the remaining 2.7% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”
The majority of the Indian population follows Hinduism (86.2%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (6.0%) or Muslims (4.1%). Christianity is the predominant religion of the non-Malay Bumiputera community (46.5%) with an additional 40.4% identifying as Muslims.
Religion percentage in Malaysia
|Chinese folk religion||1.30%|
Source: Census 2020
Malaysia Ethnic population
Malaysia’s population comprises many ethnic groups. People of Austronesian origin comprise the majority of the population and are known as the Bumiputras. Among bumiputras, Malays are the main and majority group and makeup about half of the total population. Bumiputra status is also accorded to certain non-Malay indigenous peoples, including ethnic Thais, Khmers, Chams, and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. In the 2021 census, 69.7% of the population was considered bumiputra, 22.5 % Malaysian Chinese, and 6.8% Malaysian Indian. Among Indians, Tamils are the largest subgroup. Others include Malyali, Telugu, and Punjabis. Arabs and Nepalis also have a sizeable population.
- Bhumiputas – 69.7%
- Malaysian Chienses – 22.5%
- Indians – 6.8%
- Others – 1%
Source: 2021 Census estimates
Top Cities in Malaysia by Population
|1||Kuala Lumpur||Federal Territories||15,88,750|
Indian Population in Malaysia
As per the 2018 Ministry of External Affairs report, there are 2,987,950 (29.88 Lakhs) Indians residing in Malaysia.
- Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) – 2,760,000 (27.60 Lakhs)
- Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) – 227,950 (2.28 Lakhs)
Read more about Indian Population in Malaysia