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Kazakhstan Population and religion percentage

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller portion west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the world’s largest landlocked country, the ninth-largest country in the world, and has one of the lowest population densities in the world.

As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the estimated population of  Kazakhstan in 2024 is 19,828,165 (19.8 million or 1.98 Crore) 

Kazakhstan location on Map

Table of Contents

Demography
Kazakhstan2023 Population
Total Population19,828,165
Global Rank64th
Land Area 2,699,700 sq. km (1,042,400 sq. mi)
Area Rank9th
Pop. Density7 people/sq. km
Capital CityNur-Sultan
Fertility Rate* 2.76
Infant mortality rate **6.5
Median Age  30.7 Years
Life Expectancy 73.90 years
Urban Population 57.7%

Religion in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan’s Constitution declares it as a secular State. Islam is the majority religion and is followed by 69% of the population. Non-denominational Muslims form the majority, while others indicate that most Muslims in the country are Sunnis following the Hanafi school. These include ethnic Kazakhs, who constitute about 70% of the population, as well as ethnic Uzbeks, Uighurs, and Tatars.

Christianity in Kazakhstan is the second most practiced religion after Islam. about 17.2% of the population is Russian Orthodox, including ethnic Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians. Other Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Greek Catholics, and Protestants.

Other religious groups include Judaism, the Baháʼí Faith, Hinduism, and Buddhism.

Religion percentage  in Kazakhstan

Religion/ UnaffiliatedPercent %
Islam 69.3%
Christianity17.2%
Other religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, etc.)1%
Unaffiliated/ No Religion13%

Source: 2021 Census 

Ethnic Composition

According to the 2021 census, about 70.4% of the population in the country are ethnic Kazakhs, while ethnic Russians make up around 15.5%. Other minority groups include Tatars (1.1%), Ukrainians (2.0%), Uzbeks (3.2%), Germans (1.2%), Uyghurs (1.5%), Azerbaijanis, Dungans, Turks, Koreans, Poles, and Lithuanians.

Ethnic Percentage

  • Kazakh – 70.7%
  • Russian – 15.2% 
  • Uzbek – 3.3% 
  • Ukrainian – 1.9% 
  • Uyghur – 1.5% 
  • German – 1.1%
  • Tatar – 1.1% 
  • Others – 5.2% 

Source: Census 2021

Top Cities in Kazakhstan by Population
#CityRegionPopulation
1AlmatyAlmaty18,54,656
2Nur-SultanNur-Sultan10,78,384
3ShymkentTurkistan10,09,086
4KaragandaKaragandy4,97,712
5AktobeAktobe4,87,994
6TarazJambyl3,57,791
7PavlodarPavlodar3,33,989
8OskemenEast Kazakhstan3,31,614
9SemeyEast Kazakhstan3,23,138
10AtyrauAtyrau2,69,720
Population of Kazakhstan 2024 | Religion in Kazakhstan