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Gabon Population 2023

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, it is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo to the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west.

It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometers (100,000 sq mi) and As per the United Nations World Population Prospects report, the population of Gabon in 2023 is 2,436,566 (24 Lakh).

Estimated Population of Gabon in 2023  – 2.4 million

 Gabon2023 Population
Total Population2,436,566
Global Rank146
Land Area 257,667 sq. km (99,486 sq. mi)
Area Rank76
Pop. Density9 people/sq. km
Capital CityLibreville

Source: UN World Population Prospects report

Christianity is the majority religion in Gabon and its followed by 82% of the population.  Among Christians, Catholics have the largest adherents followed by the Protestants churches, African Churches, and other small Christian groups.

Islam at 9.8% is the second largest religion and most Muslims practice Sunni Islam. Other religion is followed by 1% of the population and includes Traditional faiths and folk religions. The remaining 7% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”

Religion percentage in Gabon

Religion/ AffilationsPercentage
Christians82.0%
– Roman Catholic – 42.3%
– Protestant – 27.4%
– Other Christian – 12.3%
Other Religion 
Islam 9.8%
Traditional faiths0.6%
Others 0.5%
No religion/atheist 7.1%

read about religion in Africa

Gabon Demographics
Fertility Rate* 4
Infant mortality rate ** 31.1
Median Age  22.5 Years
Life Expectancy 67.03 years
Urban Population 87%

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Top Cities in Gabon by Population

#CityPopulation
1Libreville703,940
2Port-Gentil136,462
3Franceville110,568
4Owendo79,300
5Oyem60,685
6Moanda59,154
7Ntoum51,954
8Lambaréné38,775
9Mouila36,061
10Akanda34,548

Source: 2013 Census

Population of Gabon 2024 | Religion in Gabon