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Estonia Population 2023

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland and of 2,222 islands on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea.  according to state agency Statistics Estonia, Estonia’s population grew by 2 percent on year to January 1, 2023, to a total of 1,357,739 (1.35 million or 13.5 Lakhs) 

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 Estonia 2023
Total Population 1,357,739
Global Rank155
Land Area 42,388 sq. km (16,366 sq. mi)
Area Rank129
Pop. Density31 people/sq. km
Capital CityTallinn
Fertility Rate* 1.59
Infant mortality rate ** 1.7
Median Age  42.4 Years
Life Expectancy 79.18 years
Urban Population 68%

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Estonia

Estonia is one of the “least religious” countries in the world and 58.40% of the population are unaffiliated (a category that includes atheists, agnostics, and those who describe their religion as “nothing in particular”). 

Christianity is the largest religion in Estonia accounting for 26.70% of Estonians. Eastern Orthodox are the largest Christian group in Estonia, accounting for 17% of Estonia’s citizens, while Protestants (Lutheranism) make up 7.70%, and Other Christians are 2.70% of the population. Other Faites make up 2.1% of the population and include Islam, Buddism, and Estonian Neopaganism. 

Religion percentage in Estonia

ReligionPercent
Christianity26.70%
– Eastern Orthodoxy 16.30%
– Lutheranism 7.70%
– Other Christians 2.70%
No religion 58.40%
Islam 0.50%
Estonian Neopaganism 0.50%
Buddhism 0.20%
Other religions 0.90%
Undeclared 12.70%

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Top Cities in by Population

There are 33 cities and several town-parish towns in the country. Tallinn is the capital and the largest city of Estonia.

RankCityPopulation
1Tallinn438,341
2Tartu95,430
3Narva53,424
4Pärnu40,228
5Kohtla-Järve32,577
6Viljandi16,875
7Maardu15,284
8Rakvere14,984
9Haapsalu12,883
10Kuressaare12,698
Population of Estonia 2024 | Religion in Estonia