Cuba Population and Religion Percentage

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located where the northern Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean meet. The main island of Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean after Haiti.

The total Land Area of Cuba is 109,884 sq. km (42,426 sq. mi) and the Population Density of Cuba is 106 per Km2 (276 people per mi2). According to the UN World Population Studies, the estimated population of  Cuba in 2024 is 11,174,588 (11.2 million or 1.2 Crore)

Cuba Location Map

Cuba2024 Population
Total Population11,174,588 (11.2 million)
Global Rank83
Land Area 109,884 sq. km (42,426 sq. mi)
Area Rank104
Pop. Density106 people/sq. km
Fertility Rate* 1.62
Infant mortality rate ** 4.1
Median Age 42.2 Years
Life Expectancy 79.18 years
Urban Population 78%

*Fertility rate, average number of children born to women during their reproductive years.

**Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age.

Religion in Cuba

Cuba is a Christian-majority country and 65% of the population adheres to Christianity. Roman Catholics (60%) is the largest denomination followed by Protestants and other churches.

Non-Christian faiths account for 11% and include African traditional faiths, Islam, Hinduism, Baháʼí Faith, and Jews. The remaining 24% are classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.”

Religion percentage in Cuba

  • Roman Catholicism – 60%
  • Protestantism and other Christians – 5%
  • Non-religious – 24%
  • Others/African spirituality – 11%

read about religion in the Caribbean

Cuba Ethnic Population

Cuban has a Diverse ethnic population and about one-fourth of Cubans are of mixed ethnic lineage and are identified as mulattoes or mestizos, and some two-thirds are descendants of white Europeans, mainly from Spain.  Blacks make up about one-tenth of the population. Cubans of Asian descent now account for only a tiny fraction of the population and are largely concentrated in Havana’s small Chinatown district.

Ethnic Composition

  • White – 64%
  • Mestizo – 26%
  • Black – 9%
  • Others – 1%
Top Cities in by Population
#CityPopulation
1Havana21,31,480
2Santiago de Cuba4,33,581
3Camagüey3,08,902
4Holguín2,97,433
5Santa Clara2,16,854
6Guantánamo2,16,003
7Victoria de Las Tunas1,73,552
8Bayamo1,59,966
9Cienfuegos1,51,838
10Pinar del Río1,45,193
Population of Cuba 2024 | Religion in Cuba